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1. A risk management plan was considered “unnecessary” because contracts at the time did not require that a risk management plan be developed while according to the sponsor, the risk management lan was not necessary because oct of the new weapon systems requirements were established by military personnel who had no sense of reality about what it takes to develop a weapon system based on technology which does not even exist yet. It is evident that many of project decisions heavily favored cost and schedule during this time in history. This could have been because we knew more about cost and scheduling that we did about the technical risks. But on other hand, it was essential that programs defined and implement appropriate risk management and contingency plans to enhance program management effectiveness and provide program management a key tool to reduce life cycle cost.
2. Risk management is employed throughout the programs life cycle and should be developed at the baseline of the project and should be continuously addressed throughout the life span of the program. Risk management is apart of the overall program program planning and management process. In order to be effective to its fullest potential, the risk management process must be recognized as a program management activity and not something limited to the engineering function. Any program element associated with cost, schedule, and performance has a direct interface with the risk management process. This process doesn’t not change fundamentally as the program progresses, although some changes or adjustments might occur as the program progresses.
3. It is imperative that the project manager develop and implement an appropriate risk management and contingency plans. The customer has the right to expect the contractor to perform risk analysis and develop a risk management plan as a part of the project planning. An effective life cycle risk management process requires a commitment on the part pf the program managers a key tool to reduce life cycle cost.
4. .
5. It is impossible to have a risk management plan its seclusion , considering that risk management planning is the process of deciding hot to approach and plan risk management activities of the project. In addition, the process will include identify the project charter, current policies, current roles and responsibilities, the project management plan, and the risk management plan. The Risk management plan needs to be strategically established early in the project and will need to be continuously developed . Other risk include but not limited to: technical, production and support risk.
6. Risk management requires early and continual involvement of all the program team as well as outside help as appropriate.When we are trying to identify the risk we may get our results based on survey of the project and this will involve customer fully. We have to involve the customer since in any case there is a risk then it is the risk management program that will support setting realistic cost

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1. Definition 1.1 Definition of organization Structure A system that I used to define hierarchy in the organization is called the organizational structure. It gives the organizational leadership direction in terms of job identification and functions and who reports to whom within the organization. This structure, therefore, helps the organization in identifying and meeting objectives for growth.

(Bhasin, 2017) The organizational structure of a business defines its entire culture. It affects how its employees communicate and operate to achieve the goals of the company. Organizational structure also influences productivity, employee relations and marketing strategies.

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It is important for a company to define the most strategic organizational structure that will allow I to effectively and efficiently accomplish its goals. The organizational structure of a small company may differ from that of a large company. (Oliver, 2017) 1.2 Definition of Leadership Leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to act towards achieving a common goal.

In a business setting, this can mean directing workers and colleagues with a strategy to meet the company’s needs. (Ward, 2018). “Leadership is the ability of superior to influence the behavior of a subordinate or group and persuade them to follow a particular course of action.” (Barnard, 1938) 2. Case Study 2.1

In this case, the structure of the organization is a “flat” structure and has revealed the lack of leadership, communication and mismanagement skills of Myitzu. Depending on the case, the agency was cautious when hiring this year due to increased competition for federal grants and high turnover. The term “Flat” means that an organizational structure graph is visible when there are fewer managers with fewer and larger rows delineating the hierarchy of jobs.

And the challenges are that employees have fewer leaders to motivate them and provide them with individual attention. Staff are uncertain about the future because of Myitzu’s negative conversation style and high turnover rate. Motivate staff, give managers 1 and 2 more autonomy and the information needed to properly manage their staff and organize periodic meetings or share information with staff about changes. Encourage staff, plan for their career development, learning opportunities and give them time to do so.

According to Herzberg, the factors that lead to job satisfaction are “separate and distinct from those that lead to dissatisfaction at work”. As a result, the leadership agency may begin to eliminate unsatisfactory work factors. The characteristics associated with job dissatisfaction are called hygiene factors. Once these problems are resolved, the staff will not be dissatisfied or satisfied.

If you want to motivate staff, managers should focus on satisfaction factors such as success, recognition and responsibility. 2.2 In this case, a director can be both a leader and manager. However, since the two managers are very competent and directly manage all department staff, Myitzu must concentrate on her leadership role.

She should delegate management responsibilities to both managers. This strategy will increase the confidence of the managers and allow them to solve the problems of their personnel. It will also allow Myitzu to focus on creating a greater sense of staff commitment to the mission and vision.

Several leadership approaches may be appropriate for the position described in the scenario. Skills: Focus on the ability to solve complex problems. Non-profit facing several organizational challenges, which include high turnover. Path-Goal: Motivate employees by establishing objectives, clarifying routes, eliminating barriers and providing support.

This type of leadership will help raise the morale of employees. Transformational: Treat employees as perfect human beings and consider emotions and ways of thinking. Present a clear vision, work as a social architect, build trust, increase self-esteem, motivate. 2.3 This could help both Myitzu and the managers responsible to take a personality assessment or leadership / management.

In this way, managers can determine their individual skills, learn how to better support employees, and discover how they can work together to use each other’s strengths to lead the department. Using a style approach, the manager 1 seems to use a task-oriented approach and the manager 2 illustrates a relational-oriented style. Both directions could be structured to support each other. Myitzu can focus on developing leadership skills by developing their current strengths.

In addition, Myitzu may wish to review the roles and responsibilities of each position and see how their division’s work aligns with the overall organizational mission. Aligning with the entire mission and communicating it to staff can help improve morale and clarify the role and direction of the department. 3. Conclusion The conclusion is that the organizational structure and leadership skills are an essential feature of an organization that can make or regret it.

Leadership is one of the most important dimensions of the organization. In fact, the quality of leadership has been linked to some of the psychology of organizations such as welfare, climate safety and results. Organizational culture reflects the beliefs, values, employees’ beliefs and their values, behaviors and behaviors that lasted long in the organization.

Managers adjust the behavior of the organization to achieve the organization’s mission, which affects the well-being of employees. It is important to understand the relationship between organizational culture, management behavior, and employee well-being. Recognition and recognition of employees through the delivery and encouragement of the organization affects their behavior and attitudes.

The better the relationship between management and staff is, the better it will be for communication and teamwork. It also helps to meet the goals and objectives of the organization and increases job satisfaction.

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1. Auschwitz was infamous concentration camp that was the site of the most mass destruction of civilians in the history of mankind.
2. The Camp was located near the Polish city, Auschwitz.
3. At the entrance to the camp of there was an inscription in German- “Arbeit Macht Frei” which means ‘work sets you free’.
4. The number of dead people at Auschwitz is more than the combined death of British and Americans in WWII.
5. The Auschwitz Camp had 3 main camps-the original camp, a combination concentration/extermination camp, and a labor camp.
6. With the three main camps, there were forty-five other satellite camps.
7. The first group of prisoners, consisting of 728 Polish political prisoners, they were Soviet prisoners of war, gypsies and thousands of Jews.
8. Auschwitz was guarded by about 6,000 SSs.
9. In the spring and summer of 1944, three to four trains arrived daily at Auschwitz-Birkenau, bringing in 3 to 3.5 thousand people.
10. The main task of the prisoners of the concentration camp was hard work for the benefit of Nazis.
11. The prisoners who could not work anymore were sent to the gas chambers.
12. 6 days a week prisoners were required to work.
13. The death rate of workers in the first 3-4 months after arrival was about 80%.
14. According to the rules of the camps, the people have to be tested for any infectious diseases and had to take bath.
15. The prisoners were forced to get naked and ordered to take bath and those who seem unfit were sent to the gas chamber.
16. Every tenth concentration camp personnel were women.
17. The most destructive invention was gas chamber and crematorium.
18. Children, elder people, and disabled people were directly sent to the gas chambers.
19. The homosexual people were also sent to the camp.
20. On September 1944, 12,300 children from Kaunas were sent to gas chambers.
21. In early October 1944, there were 2,510 boys and girls in Auschwitz. On January 10th 1945, there were 611 left.
22. Most Jewish children were killed immediately after their arrival.
23. In the camp, more than 1 million Jews, 1000,000 USSR people, and 150,000 Poles were killed.
24. The ash from the crematorium was used as fertilizers for the agricultural field.
25. German doctors performed many experiments on the people of camps.
26. People at the camp were injected with deadly infections and studied further.
27. Even the children were injected with a high dose of tranquilizers.
28. Dozens of men and women were exposed to large doses of X-ray irradiation with further removal of the genital organs.
29. The children born in the concentration camp were killed in a brutal way – they were drowned in metal barrels.
30. Prisoners were also used to find out optimal ways of treating the serious wound. For that, they were planted by metal fragments, glass pieces, nails, dirt or anything they find.
31. First aid was also not provided to the prisoners after irradiation and castration operations, which lead to the death of most of the people.
32. In the camp, there were only about 7,000 weak and sick prisoners of Auschwitz from more than 20 countries.
33. A number of weak people were so less because they shot the people who are not strong now.
34. More than 1.1 million people died in Auschwitz Concentration Camp and 90% of them were Jews.
35. Before sending prisoners to the gas chamber their hair was shaved.
36. The hair of dead people was used as the fabric to sew rough working clothes.
37. At the time of Holocaust Jewish boxer, Salamo Arouch was also imprisoned at Auschwitz and he was forced to fight with the other people.
38. Josef Mengele was the doctor at camp and was known as ‘Angel of Death’.
39. Mengele performed many experiments on twins and abnormal children.
40. Mengele used to sew two children together or exchanged the organs of the twins and many more.
41. To change the eye color of the children, Mengele injected chemicals in the eyes of them.
42. At Auschwitz, about 60 million Reichsmark, equivalent to £125m today, was generated for the Nazi state by slave labor.
43. Maximilian Kolbe was a priest who volunteered to die for another prisoner who was crying for his family.
44. Anne Frank’s father survived the Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
45. At the time of Holocaust, a Jewish woman exposed around 3000 hiding Jewish people to Gestapo to save her family. Ever after that Nazi sent her family to camp.
46. The meals for prisoners was a slice of bread, 0.5 liters of black coffee and 1 liter of ricotta soup, several grams of sausage and margarine.
47. Most of the people who survived through labor work, at last, died from malnutrition and starvation.
48. In Auschwitz camp, there were special rooms called starvation cells.
49. To punish the people they were thrown into these cells and left inside until they die without eating.
50. There is an experiment conducted on women of the camp, a special solution was injected into the uterus and then it was removed and studied further.
51. Witold Pilecki was Polish army officer; he volunteered to enter the camp to find out about the situation and to gather information.
52. Witold Pilecki managed to escape the camp and that’s how the world knew about the camp.
53. People of villages living near the camps used to help the prisoners by providing food.
54. The Polish peasants were evacuated from the vicinity of Auschwitz by replacing them with loyal German settlers from the families of SS servicemen.
55. Despite the appalling conditions at the camp, some prisoners continued to struggle for their rights and freedom.
56. January 27, 1945, was the day when the prisoners of Auschwitz were liberated.
57. Soviet army liberated the prisoners, more than 7,000 ill and dying prisoners were found.
58. Antoni Dobrowolski was the oldest survivor of Holocaust. He died at the age of 102.
59. Three prisoners managed to escape the camp. They dressed as Nazi officers and stole the car of one of the officer and escaped from the main entrance.
60. In the history of the camp, about 700 attempts were made to escape, 300 of which were successful.

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