1. Republic of Colombia is the official name of Colombia.
2. Colombia is the only country of South America with the access of both The Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea.
3. South America’s oldest democracy is of Colombia.
4. Colombia shares the border with 5 countries- Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Venezuela and Panama.
5. The capital of Colombia is Bogota and it is one of the highest cities in the world.
6. Spanish is the official language of Colombia.
7. Colombia is second most biodiverse country in the world.
8. Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America.
9. There are 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Colombia.
10. The name ‘Colombia’ was given after Christopher Columbus.
11. Colombia produce about 12% of the total coffee produced in the world.
12. There are 58 National Parks in Columbus which covers 11% of global area of country.
13. The ‘River of Five Colors’ is in Colombia.
14. Sierra Nevada in Colombia is second highest coastal mountain in the world.
15. Colombia is leading producer of Green Gemstone called, Emeralds.
16. Colombia lies on the Pacific Ocean’s Pacific Ring of Fire. It is a zone where earthquakes and volcanos are very common.
17. In the world Colombia is the third largest exporter of coffee.
18. There are many endemic species of animals and plants that are found only in Colombia.
19. Colombians celebrates 18 holidays in a year, which is the second highest, first is India.
20. In Colombia about 1,800 species of birds can be found.
21. 90% of Colombia population is catholic.
22. Graffiti is not punishable crime in Colombia, instead they support street art.
23. The favorite breakfast of Colombia is milk soup with undercooked eggs and is called Changua.
24. The mountain Cerro Rico was a discovery of Spain. The mountain had silver.
25. There is a celebration in Colombia when girl turn 15 and is called “La Quinceañera” and the gift for girl is gold.
26. Colombia was ranked as the happiest country in the world twice.
27. 18 years is the legal drinking age in Colombia.
28. Aguardiente drink made from sugarcane is the National drink of the country.
29. Tejo is the traditional and national sports of Colombia.
30. It is mandatory to play National anthem on radio and TV every day at 6 am and 6 pm in Colombia.
31. It is believed that human settled in Colombia before 20,000 years.
32. The population of Colombia is about 48.6 million.
33. Colombia covers the area of 1,141,748 square kilometers of the earth.
34. Colombia has coastline of about 2,000 miles.
35. There are only 14 species of Wax Palm in the world, and Colombia has 7 of them.
36. After cancer, drug-related violence is the second most common cause of death.
37. The economy of Colombia is third largest in South America.
38. The highest peak in Colombia is the Pico Cristobal Colon at 19,020 feet.
39. Colombian men while talking or hand shaking always looks in the eyes.
40. The most popular sports of Colombia are Football, roller skating, boxing, baseball and weight lifting.
41. Pablo Escobar once offered to pay the debt of Colombia of $10 billion to improve his reputation.
42. There are approximately 300 beaches in the Colombia, which are open for locals and tourists.
43. Amazon Rainforest covers the one-third portion of Colombia.
44. Colombian women are very concern about their figure, thousands of cosmetic surgeries are performed every year in Colombia.
45. Spanish ruled the Colombia for 300 years.
46. Colombia became independent from Spain in 1813.
47. The government of Colombia bans alcohol on major country events like World Cup to avoid public violence.
48. Colombia has the longest bike road of South America, it is 300 kilometers long.
49. Marigolds and lilies are for funerals in Colombia and are never given as gift.
50. The highest waterfall of Colombia is The Tequendama Falls.
51. Colombia hosts one of the biggest salsa festival, carnival festival, theatre festival, festival of flowers and many more.
52. Flatbread prepared from corn flour with different fillings is a popular snack of Colombians.
53. The famous musicians Shakira and Juanes are Colombian.
54. Santa Marta was the first Spanish settlement in Colombia.
55. There are more than 60 indigenous languages spoken in Colombia.
56. Colombians use both maternal and paternal surnames.
57. Colombian women got right to vote from 1975.
58. Due to its location near the equator there are hardly any change in season, they have sun throughout the year.
59. Scientists believe that more than 3,000 species of butterflies are found in Colombia.
60. The drug lord Pablo Escobar was from Colombia.
61. Longest river of Colombia is Magdalena.
62. The literacy rate of Colombia is 92.7%.
63. There are two National holidays- July 20 and August 7.
64. If you want to learn scuba-dive in cheap price then Colombia is the best.
65. Colombia is the top producer of cocaine.
66. Colombian Peso is the national currency of Colombia.
67. The pink dolphins can be found in Colombia.
68. Colombia is the third largest oil producing country in the South America.
69. More than 70% of population lives in cities.
70. The life expectancy of Colombia is 74.18 years.


1. The huge pyramids are immaculate tetrahedrons.
2. Throughout history, the pyramids were considered to be the tombs of the pharaohs, today scientific opinions on this subject are divided.
3. The mystery of Egyptian buildings is now associated with the scientific message of the ancient world about its idea of the universe.
4. Pyramids are one of the most ancient historical monuments, keeping the secrets of the ancient civilization, which we still have to open.
5. In the design parameters, according to some researchers, we need to look for ancient encrypted prophecies.
6. The pyramidal inch in Egypt is considered a sacred measure.
7. If you add the sums of diagonals of one pyramid (in inches), then you can calculate the number of years for which our planet makes a complete revolution.
8. All the pyramids are on the west bank of the great river Nile, that is, from the sunset, when the power of the world of shadows (the dead) came.
9. There are many interesting facts about the pyramids of Giza, for example, for the construction of the largest pyramid, 2300000 blocks, made of stone, weighing from 2 to 50 tons, were used.
10. The most mysterious pyramids are in Giza (next to the current Cairo).
11. The pyramid, if divided along the perimeter, gives the number Pi (moreover, the accuracy of calculations is up to one thousandth).
12. Initially, the pyramids had a finish in the form of a facing stone (from white limestone).
13. Each side of the pyramid was originally so polished that it reflected the rays of the sun (you can imagine how these magnificent buildings shone).
14. The radiance of the pyramids was so powerful that it could be seen from the moon.
15. The surface of the pyramids was decorated with precious stones.
16. Despite the fact that the pyramids were built in the hottest desert, inside the buildings it was always stably cool (about 20 degrees Celsius).
17. Almost all researchers equally describe the incredible work of the creators of these majestic structures from huge boulders, but the methods of stone processing and construction technology are still a mystery.
18. Disputes are also being made on the number of employed labor in building pyramids, if they were slaves (at least 100,000 people).
19. The pyramids were built for a long time, respectively, and the technology of construction was changed.
20. Scientists agree that the construction of one pyramid could have taken about 200 years, despite the fact that the construction was held all year round.
21. Some researchers managed to learn some more facts about the pyramids, for example, that the construction of several pyramids was carried out with a large time interval, but with what it was connected, is still unknown.
22. Pyramids are often associated with the existence of the mysterious Atlantis.
23. At the base of the Sphinx there are traces of water erosion.
24. Until now, there is no consensus on the grounds for such a large-scale idea, taking into account temporary, material and other costs.
25. The largest pyramid has changed in height for centuries.
26. The pyramid of Cheops was considered the highest building in the world until the end of the 19th century (that is, it kept the world record for several millennia in a row).


1. What is H5N1? What is the concern about H5N1? What is a super virus?
H5N1 is a type of influenza virus that is highly infectious and caused a severe respiratory disease. A super virus is a virus that is particularly powerful or resistant to treatments and can adapt to previous ones or become immune to them.
2. What was the Spanish Flu? What were the symptoms? When did it take place?
Spanish Flu was an influenza virus that originated from bird flu, and the symptoms of the Spanish flu were having a sore throat and headache. The Spanish flu took place in March of the year 1918.
3. Where was the Spanish flu thought to have started? How was it thought to have spread?
The Spanish flu was perceived to have started in the United States. It was thought to have spread from the United States and transferred to the UK to help fight world war 1.
4. What environmental factors contributed to the Spanish Flu and its spread?
The Spanish Flu’s favored factors were prominent in country side and railroads as far as spreading goes.

5. What was the toll of the Spanish flu? What effects did it have?
The Spanish Flu killed lots of people and it killed them without warning and fast. It affected everyone because it spread insanely fast and it had no cure.

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6. What did the Spanish flu have in common with H5N1? What is different?

The Spanish Flu and H5N1 are similar because they both quickly spread and are lethal to humans. They are different because H5N1 originated from a bird strain of influenza.
7. How are scientists today using information from the Spanish flu? What did they discover?
Scientist are using information from the Spanish Flu today to help them understand how to treat and stop the flu from spreading quickly. Scientists found out that people who had been near the virus before were more immune to it than all the younger people who haven’t been around it to which were the ones who kept dying.

8. What did the study of the virus tell scientists about the possible start and spread of the disease?

The study of the virus told that this super virus was originally bird flu that adapted and mutated, so it could infect people. And it tells the scientists that the H5N1 virus mutated which turned it into a lethal virus through the mutation and adaption the virus to infect humans.

9. Why is it important for health scientists to study the Spanish Flu of 1918?

It is important for health scientists to study the Spanish Flu because they need to learn why and how it happened to stop similar diseases to stop the Spanish flu in the future.


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