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4.1 I believe that paragraphs 2 and 3 are an accurate account of the youth today. As they are “taking stock of existing systems”, such as the use of the internet and social media platforms to advocate their causes. Youth in the 21st century have the ability to communicate with each other on a broader platform of technology. With the access to social media the youth are able to create buy in with each other to join their campaigns and fight injustice with the simple click of a button “recruiting a steady influx of peers to join them”.

4.2.1 Jhatkaa.org envisions an inclusive, sustainable and equitable India, built and maintained through the democratic power of an engaged citizenry.

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4.2.2 1) “To advocate solutions based on 21st century realities defining a development pathway to address the challenges of access to clean water, food and air, ensuring enforcement of existing human rights laws, supporting implementation of a new education system and ensuring sufficient checks and balances to tackle corruption.”

2) “To mobilize millions of people from all over India to weigh in on decisions for different issues.”

3) “To make the powerful accountable, targeting the behaviour of governments, political parties, corporations and cultural institutions.”

4) “To transform the public narrative on citizenship and democracy so that people no longer accept corruption and our social problems as inevitable and instead understand their role in shifting systems to make our democracy functional.”

These aims are realized by the generous donations of members and the community to help continue running this organisation. They look for members who are passionate and self-driven and are willingly to fight to make government and corporate decision-makers accountable of issues of public welfare. The organisation keeps up to date with current affairs and works around the clock to always have a plan of action in place for the members, by using social networks, sms, email, IVR, missed calls, and cutting-edge web tools. With the help of members and donations Jhatkaa is able to hold regional community meetings with activists and citizens to build grass root networks, run various campaigns, and use different forms of advertising. They even produce videos showcasing the realities and their aims which they aim to alleviate.

4.3 1) The lack of credibility and trust necessary for securing meaningful investments.
2) They operating in insolation without access to critical opportunities for peer learning.
3) They are lacking the connection to networks, mentors, skill building opportunities and funding which is hindering their ability to make a difference in their communities.
4.4.1 The opportunities young people can tap into that would potentially ensure their success as activists, are advocating for legislation, creating public awareness campaigns on social media, raising funds for various organisations and volunteering in their respective communities.

4.4.2 These opportunities can be accessed by means of the internet/ social media such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. Schools and universities guidance counsellors can train students and inform them on various organisations and issues around the world that need to be addressed. Non-Governmental organisations can recruit young people and guide them in the right direction aswell. Parents should also be acting as role models for the youth to mimic their actions in society.

4.5 The author puts forward to her readers and to society as a whole, how the youth have new, creative, innovative and unique opinions and ideas. They have a fresh perspective on the world and often are more energetic and self-driven to make a difference in their communities however there are challenges that they face. 1. They are not taken seriously and their value as advocates is often undermined. The author alludes to the fact that the authorities in power do not have faith and any trust in the youth to combat and fight injustice. 2. The author also alludes to the fact that a major challenge the youth faces is they are inheriting this environment as the next generation and want to be heard, considered and valued as partners in development of their future and livelihood. People in positions of power should embrace the youth and allow them the opportunity to make a difference and give them the tools to help combat issues the world is facing.