??????????, ?????????, ??? ????????????? ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????,

??????????,??????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????????), ?????????? ????????????????? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????????? ???????????????????????? (??????? ???????????) ? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????????????? ?????? (????? ??????????? ?????????, ????????, ??????????????????????????). 4. ??????? ?????????.

?? ???????? ?? ???????????? ??? ???????, ?? ???? ?? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????????????? ?????? ??? ?????????????, ?? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ?????, ?? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????????. ??????????? ???? ?????????????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ????? ??????????????, ???? ???????? ???????? ??? ???????????(?ntoniou et al.,2000), ??? ?????? ???? (Cox & Brokley,1984, Borg &Riding,1993), ???? ??? ???? ?????? (???????? ?.???.,2002, ????????,2005).?? ??????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????, ?? ???????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????????????????????????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????, ??? ????????????? ?? ??????????????????? ???????, ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??? ?????????????? ? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ????????????? ??????????. ???????????, ???? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?????? & ??????????, ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ?????????????????? ? ????????? ??????, ?? ??????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ??? ? ???????????????????.

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???????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ? Borg, ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????. ??? ??????, ? ?????????? ?????, ????????? ??? ??2008 ??? ????, ??????? ?????? ?????, ?????????????? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work,2009).????, ?????? ??? ?? ???????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ???????????????????????, ????????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ????????? ?????,???? ??? ??????????? ?????, ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????.???????????,????????? ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????????????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?? ??????????? ??? ???????????????????????? ??? ????????????? ???? ???????, ?????????????? ???????????????????? ???????? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???????. ?? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????????, ??????????? ??????????????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??????????? ????, ??????????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????????????? ?? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ????????? ?? ?? ??????? ??? ????????????????????.

?? ???????????????  ???????????? ?? ??????????, ???? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????????????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????????.????? ?? ???????????? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ??????????????? ???? ??????, ???? ??? ??? ????????? (Freidman,2000,??????,2001, ????????,2005).????????????,????????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????????? ?? ?????.

??????? ???? ?? ?????????? ??? ???????? (2005), ???????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????????? ????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????????????????? ???????????, ?????????? ??? ?? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ?? ?????. 5. ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????????????????????? ???????.

5.1. ?????? – ????????????.

?? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ?? ??????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ???-????????? ???????????, ???? ?? ??????????? ?? ????? ????????????? ??????, ???? ??? ??????????????? ?? ????????????? ??? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ? ??????? ??? ??????. ?????????????? ??? ?? ???? ???????, ??????????? ?? ??????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??? ?? ???????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????????????????, ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ?????????. ????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ??????? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ???????, ??? ?? ??????????????????, ????????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?? ???? ?????????????? ???????????, ?? ??????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ????????? ??? ????.??????????????? ??? ??????? ??????????:?. ? ????????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ??? ???????????????????????.?.

??????????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????????????????????.?. ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????. ?. ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ??????????????? ???????????, ???? ????? ??????, ??? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ???????????????? ??? ????? ????.

?. ??????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????????????????? ??????.  5.2. ?????????? ?????????.

1.                 ?????????????????? ?? ????? ?? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ???????????;2.                 ?????????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????????;3.                 ???? ????????????????? ?????????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ?????;4.                 ??? ????????????? ?????????????? (????, ??????, ???????????? ?????????,  ?????? ?????????? ?????????) ?????????? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ?????;5.                 ????????????????? ?? ???????????? ????;6.

                 ??????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ?????? ??? ?????????; ??????? ? ????????????????? ???? ????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????; 7.                 ?????????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????;8.                 ???????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????????? ??? ?????????????, ?? ???????? ??????????????  ?? ????????????????????????; ????? ????? ?? ??????? ????;