A The ethical dilemma can also cause personal conflict

            A key global ethical issue that can
be related to health care is justice. This is because good health care is
important to all people but access to good health is still unavailable to many
parts of the world (World Health Organization WHO, n.d.). Low-income countries
are troubled with limited resources, government corruption, in addition to
social determinant issues such as malnutrition, poverty, poor education, unsafe
living conditions, and lack of access to health providers. Currently, there
many parts of the world that still fail to meet the most basic needs (food,
water, shelter); therefore, the challenge in global health ethics is that there
is a call to action for wealthier countries to help these countries in order to
promote global justice in health equality (WHO, n.d.).

            According to WHO (n.d.), one of the
primary contributors to access to healthcare resources is “brain drain”. The
reason is that health professionals in low-income countries are recruited into
employment in higher-income countries. This can lead to a few ethical dilemmas
including whether it is ethical to recruit healthcare workers versus incentives
that may be used by the lower income countries to keep them from leaving. The
ethical dilemma can also cause personal conflict upon the providers. That is,
they have a moral dilemma to either stay to help the population who truly need
it or leave to an area where they actually want to live in.

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            Cultural relativity is another
ethical issue in global health (WHO, n.d.). The dilemma arises due to the fact
that different people have different cultural beliefs and values based on the
location they live in. This can make it difficult to establish a universal
ethical standard since it is hard to impose one’s beliefs on another person. An
example mentioned was the practice of female genital mutilation.  This is a culturally influenced practice in
several countries that are still being carried out. The argument in this case
is that women and children are not being treated fairly and/or at risk of being
harmed. However, if this practice is condemned, then some people may argue that
human rights are being violated since there is an imposition on another
group/culture’s beliefs. This is one of the topics that may never be truly

            International research is also a
global health ethical dilemma since it involves research experiments conducted
on populations in lower-income countries. The populations selected may have
trouble understanding the circumstances of the research study due to language
barrier, which can be problematic for informed consent. In addition, it can be
difficult to establish standards of care for participants or communities at the
end of the research trials. For example, how can the participants follow up
with their concerns (health changes, additional questions) if the researchers
leave the country after the experiment? 
Some of these topics are still being debated.

            On a related note, environmental
ethics should also be a primary global concern.  The world’s population is expected to grow
between 9 to 10 billion people by the year 2050. This dramatic increase in
population growth can impact the planet significantly.  One of the reasons is that technology
advancement will help create more technical tools to help industries dig deeper
into the soil/ocean, cut faster into trees and create more powerful cars,
trucks and planes to help people travel faster. This may come with a price
since it will create dramatic environmental issues such as global climate
change, loss of biodiversity, forest, wetlands, coastal ocean quality and
depletion of the world’s ecological and freshwater systems (Brown, n.d.).  From this perspective, the human race has an
ethical obligation to the planet to help sustain and maintain its remaining
limited resources.