Pakistan has everything from the
mineral reservoirs to the nuclear power but still it comes in the list of under
developed countries. The main reason of this under development is we are far
behind in our education sector. There are many flaws in our education system
which needs our attention. Tremendous difference between the education of
public and private schools is one of them. Moreover inefficient and
unproductive teachers, gender inequality, a very small amount of countries
budget for education sector, decreasing literacy rate in rural areas, fragile
infrastructure and unhealthy education are included in them. But with the flaws
there are some positive aspects which are present in our education system. Progresses
have been made and there is working being done for the development of the
education system. Education is a necessity and every child has a birth right of
it regardless of the background.
Education System in Pakistan
Education is a form of learning in which knowledge,
skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one
generation to the next through teaching, training, research, or simply through
auto didacticism. Education plays a vital role in the development of countries.
“It is the most powerful weapon which one can use to change the world”. Education
is a passport for a better tomorrow. Educating the youth is like an investment
with 100% profit. Education plays an important role to ace a real goal in life.
The knowingness which is obtained through education is really helpful for a
better perspective. A country without education is like a car without tiers.
From the beginning of Pakistan’s history, the Government has
given very less attention towards the education sector. However, only 3% funds
are allocated to education sector. There is no real life visualization of these
funds. According to a 2016 survey the current literacy rate in Pakistan is 57%
which has increased in the past few years.
There are six categories in which Pakistani Education System
1. Preprimary education
2. Primary education
3. Middle education
4. Secondary education
5. Higher secondary education
6. University education
According to the
constitution education is free and compulsory for 5-16 years children. This
includes primary, middle and secondary education. There are two types of school
system in Pakistan.
1. Public schools
2. Private schools
Public schools are the schools which are owned and run by the
government. Whereas private schools are the independent ones, which are run by
the private organization or private individual. Education is not a privilege it
is a right of every child to get educated. But unfortunately education is like
a privilege in Pakistan. Public schools are very less and the
ones which are working are in very bad conditions. Less educated faculty, lack
of stationary and furniture, critical condition of physical infrastructure and
many more factors hindering in way of children currently enrolled in public schools.
Even in the 21st century children are taking classes in the grounds.
There are no classrooms or benches for the students. Children are bound to sit
on the sacks instead of chairs and tables. And when it comes to teachers there
is no proper criteria for hiring them. Many of them are under qualified and not
fit to be teachers.
in private schools the quality of education is sublime. There is a proper criterion
for the hiring of teachers. There are series of interviews and tests which not
only measures the intelligence but also the temperament of the candidates. In
some private school even after the series of interviews and test they give
three month training before actual job starts. .
The education system of
Pakistan is comprised of 260,903 institutions and is facilitating 41,018,384
students with the help of 1,535,461 teachers. The system includes 180,846
public institutions and 80,057 private institutions. Hence 31% educational
institutes are run by private sector while 69%
are public institutes. Pakistan comprises of 163000 primary schools, and almost
15,000 are in Punjab, 8000 in NWFP, 13,000 in Sindh and 4000 in Baluchistan. Now
here you can see the actual difference between both of the education systems.
Only 31% schools are public schools and it is not everyone’s cup of tea to have
access to private education. In such conditions it becomes burdensome for a
poor kid to keep up with other kids when it comes to the higher education.
barrier which is a major issue nowadays is ‘use of English language’. In
Private schools it is compulsory for the students to use English language as if
it is our native language. And in many cases speaking Urdu is a source of
embarrassment. Whereas, In public schools even the English teacher himself cannot
speak it. Our public schools are still teaching with the methods of 19th
century and hoping to prepare the children for 21st century.
The major factor that is affecting literacy is the
unavailability of quality education. Only 3% of the budget’s total is for
education sector which is not sufficient to provide quality education in the
country. In these hard times many NGOs took an initiative to provide free books
and stationary in the rural area schools. Akhuwat foundation is a well-known
name which is not only providing books but also sending qualified teachers.
Quality education is a right of every child regardless of his background.
Another trust which is well
known for their work to provide education to the poor children is Zindagi trust
run by Shahzad Roy. A singer who is not only famous for his songs but also
recognized by his welfare work. He started a campaign in 2013 known as ‘Paid to
Learn’ in which children were given money for attending school. Its main
objective was to focus on the child laborers and to encourage them to come to
school and learn something instead of going to work. “Children should have pens
in their hands not tools” He later decided that his paid to learn program is
not good enough on the large scale as there are hundreds and thousands of
children who needs education. He then started working for the betterment of
Another major issue we face
is when it comes to secondary education and higher secondary. There are further
Matriculation and FSC
When it comes to matric and
FSC there is no conceptual study. Only cramming is a way out in these two things
and the trend of cramming is destroying the mental power and abilities of the
students. Where as In O levels, they are mostly about the concepts and
not just one book. “Education is not all about learning, cramming, passing
class nor being the best in class. Is how you wisely apply those you were
thought in your daily activities.”
One more things which create
issues are the course books of FSC and matric which were written in 20th
century and still are the same. There
are no amendments in those books with the time.
However in O levels
innovative ways and methods are used to teach the students.
This variation of systems is
something which makes two categories of students. This is unacceptable in every
way. The only solution to this problem is to apply one system across the
country. New course scheme with new technological concepts should be introduced
and every school and college should be bound to follow that scheme. In this way
every student will get the equal and quality education.
Quality and Quantity, the
balance between these two things is a very important issue. Sadly our education
system has very much lacked from this balance. “Success or
failure in achieving education for all cannot just be gauged by the number of
children being provided access to education, as the main point of assessment
remains the quality of their educational experience “.This issue can be
addressed easily by making a department of quality check which goes to
different institutes and conduct reviews about their education experience. It will help a lot
in boosting the quality of the whole education sector. A quality education has
the power to transform societies in single generation, provide children with
the protection they need form the hazards of poverty, labor exploitation and
disease, and give them knowledge skills and confidence to reach their full
Gender inequality is a
wicked problem of all times and education sector is not any far from this. Only
40,875 out of 180,846 are public schools for girls and the rest of them are for
the boys. Even in that 40 thousand only 18% of Pakistani women are currently
enrolled and it decreases when it comes to rural areas. There is a great
difference in the enrollment of boys and girls which leads to gender crisis.
Due to the old myth that a women does not need to get education because she
belongs to the kitchen, still rules the mind of most people. However educating
a women is like educating a whole generation.
When it comes to higher
education or at universities levels where women are currently enrolled and
studies face a lot of gender discrimination, especially when it comes to those
fields such as engineering where women are a minority. People underestimate the
mental abilities of girls and they have low chances to participate in the
activities and projects. Mostly people think that they are here merely for some
kind of entertainment because ultimately they will be married and there will be
no use of their education. Women have touched the moon and we are still
discussing a woman can only cook. This gender inequality at work places or in
educational institutes can be removed with the right teaching. If we tell our
younger generation from the very start (in preschools) that men and women are
both equal and women have the same rights as men. This problem would be then
One more case is early
marriages which bounds the women to stay at home and look after the children
which results in the discontinuity of education. And in many cases if a woman
will complete her education will not continue further or start a career.
The main reason of this case
is unavailability of child care centers and feeding provisions. If with every
girls institutes, these major facilities were obtained this matter will be
One more flaw of our
education system is, it only focuses on books but not on child’s physical or
mental education. We should not be focusing on just education but on healthy
education. In this scenario there should be certain type of activities or
sports which should be compulsory for every child enrolled in the institution
not for just a bunch of them. “Children learn as they play and most
importantly, in play children learn how to learn.”A healthy mind leads towards
a healthy body which leads to healthy education.
One last factor I have seen
through years that development in rural areas is way less than the urban areas
and same rule goes for education. That’s why literacy rate is much less in
rural areas than urban areas. Government should change their motto of “Parha
likha punjab” to “Parha likha Pakistan”. Because education is equally important
for everyone across the country,
Out of the many flaws there
are some positive factors about our education system. Literacy rate will be
increased by 10% in 2020 and there will be raise of 15% for education sector.
Government of Punjab laptop scheme has also played a part in this scenario. Due
to that every child has an access to the new age of technology. Government is
working on making more colleges and schools so that everyone has the access
Education is not a luxury.
It is the right of every child by birth. For a
Pakistani, education is a life and blood for us. If we want to survive as a
developed country then we need to focus on our education system. Countries
flourish and prosper because they have strong education system. Other countries
are making progress because they are educated. If each and every Pakistani will
be able to embark on the road of education then he or she will surely get success.
And their combined success will leads to the countries success.