Albert Einstein was born on March 14,1879, in Ulm, Kingdom of Wurttemberg, Germany – died April 18,1955, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S. His father, Hermann Einstein, was both an engineer and salesman. His mother was Pauline Einstein. Einstein had one sister, Maja, born two years after him.
Almost a year old, the family moves to Munich, his father, who, with his brother, founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie. Albert went to a Catholic elementary school from the age of five for three years. From a young age, he showed signs of slow comprehension. He took a while to learn how to speak, which led his parents to consult a doctor. He was a below average student in school, most of his teachers complained about his academic performance.
When he was eight, Einstein transfers to Luitpold Gymnasium where he received advanced primary and secondary school education until he left Germany. As he grew older, Einstein developed a little bit of a rebellious attitude toward his teachers. Perhaps it was a result of being so intelligent, but not being able to communicate it.
He eventually began to excel in school and, despite what others thought, did not flunk out of math, but later on, became the top of his class. Einstein would write that two “wonders” deeply affected his early years. The first was his encounter with a compass at age 5.
He was mystified that invisible forces could deflect the needle. This would lead to a lifelong fascination with invisible forces. The second wonder came at age 12 when he discovered a book of geometry, which he devoured, calling it his “sacred little geometry book.” Einstein became deeply religious at age 12, even composing songs in praise of God and chanting religious songs on the way to school. At the Luitpold Gymnasium, Einstein often felt out of place and victimized by a Prussian-style educational system that seemed to stifle originality and creativity.
One teacher even told him that he would never amount to anything. At the age of 15, Einstein decided to educate himself. When he was 16, he took the entrance exam for the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology- but failed the language and history sections. Taking the director’s advice, Einstein enrolled in a Swiss secondary school that encouraged his “free thinking.
” In 1896, he graduated, qualifying him to enter the Federal Institute in Zurich. That same year, he renounced his German citizenship, and therefore, remained stateless, until 1901, officially becoming a Swiss citizen. Albert would later discover that perhaps his ability to think in unique ways came from his early struggles