As three to four-month span (mesocycle). Through this model,

As defined by Daniel Lorenz and
Scot Morrison, periodization is the planned manipulation of training variables
(load, sets, and repetitions) in order to maximize training adaptations and to
prevent the onset of over-training syndrome. Under the umbrella of
periodization, there are three different types which include linear,
non-linear, and block periodization.


Linear periodization also known as
the “classic” periodization model is one that is based on changing exercise
volume and load across a three to four-month span (mesocycle). Through this
model, there is a break down into recognizable blocks that are titled based on
timespans. This model is often utilized by rehabilitation procedures. There are
various potentially advantageous aspects of employing this specific approach.
One of which is repetition and loading schemes are anticipated between the
athlete and sports physical therapist. Additionally, this model secures the
gradual advancement of strength, power, and speed. On the other hand, there are
also a considerable amount of probable drawbacks. One of which is the fact that
the linear plan was primitively formulated for Olympic weightlifters preparing
for competitions annually. With that being the case, it would not be an optimal
option for those athletes that have a higher competition frequency.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now


Another main type of periodization
is the non-linear periodization which is also known as the “undulating”
periodization model. This particular model is solely based on the approach of
more consistent revisions of volume and load ranging from daily, weekly, and
biweekly to grant the neuromuscular system greater spans of recovery as slight
loads are executed more frequently. Within the model itself, there are changes
in stimuli that occur often and may be useful in gaining strength. The
non-linear model is similar to that of the linear model in that it also has potential
disadvantages. Its disadvantages are in reference to athletes that are
recovering because they may not be prepared for power development seeing as the
necessary strength has not been earned. Also the model may potentially hinder
the degree of development for components of performance. In comparison with the
linear model, the efficiency of the non-linear is definitively comparable.
Their similarities could feasibly be due to their like of short studies, and
the prior training history of their constituents. Additionally, current studies
found that both the linear and non-linear models were considered inferior with
favorability being ambiguous.


 The final type of periodization is block periodization
which consists of highly concentrated, specialized workloads. Recently, this
particular model has been the center of a revival of attraction. Block
periodization is categorized as a stepwise program with hefty volumes of
exercises focused on clear-cut training abilities to augment adaptation. Structurally,
this approach is devised as three definite phases: the accumulation phase,
transmutation phase, and realization phase. In the accumulation phase, work
capacity is built and exercises are at a greater volume compared to the other
phases for about a two to six-week period. During the transmutation phase,
exercises are at higher loads. Lastly, the realization phase encompasses
further distinctive movements than that of the prior phase.


This model is different from other
traditional models, because it does not account for only single “peaks”
annually. In contrast with the linear model which elevates basic qualities, the
block model reduces those during the on-season for athletes and allows them to
be cultivated throughout the year. Also this model differs from the linear and
non-linear models, because it doesn’t necessarily allot focused time for
endurance, strength, power, and speed if they are simply not necessary to the
athlete’s sport regimen. Another difference is that this model is categorized
into a two to four-week block period while the linear and non-linear have at
least four week phases. In comparison to the linear model, there were no
differences in upper and lower extremity power in trained athletes and the
block model was even deemed superior in some particular training situations.