Before we elaborate on the notion of multiculturalism, it seems better to examine determineor define the concept of culture as multiculturalism refers to the different cultures that meet, co-exist and influence each other. Edward Taylor clearly defines this notion of culture, he argues that:”Culture, or civilization, taken in its broad, ethnographic sense, is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society” (1).Contemporary Britain is often referred to as a multicultural nation that consists of a number of cultures including ethnic minorities living side by side, different faiths and different identities .Thus, Multicultural Britain is inevitably tied to post-war mass immigration from certain parts of the former British Empire, an empire that went through a process of decolonisation in the post-war period (Mustad &Langeland 1).
The largest groups of immigrants are Indians and Pakistanis. They have settled in cities where they could find manual work, therefore places like Oldham, London, Manchester , Luton , Birmingham and Bradford . For instance, today the city of London alone boasts 300 languages and 50 non- indigenous communities with population of over 10.000 with virtually every race , nation , culture and world region represented (Mustad &Langeland 4).