Breastfeeding ComplicationBreastfeeding not supposed to hurt it is meantto be an enjoyable bonding moment with your baby, however; it is normal to developsore nipple in the first few days of breastfeeding. Common complications of havingsore nipple is improperly positioning your baby to your beast, not having babylatching to the breast properly, and shallow latching (sucking on nipple notentire breast).
Support your breast with baby be on its side with his mouth andnose facing your nipple without having to turn his head to encourage baby toopen wide to latch on a large portion of the areola not just your nipple. Another complication is engorgement whenthe breast feels full, heard, and heavy making it harder for baby to latch on. Thiscondition results from delayed or infrequent breastfeeding of infant. To avoid this condition, make sure tobreastfeed your infant every 1 ½ – 2 hours or it may be helpful to hand-expressor use a beast pump. Also, applying warm compression or a shower help to facilitatemilk let-down and using NSAIDs or cold compression to reduce the swelling and pain.Lastly another complication is mastitis causedby block milk ducts that causes a section of breast to become red, tender, andpainful. so, if blockage is not treated it could become infected by bacteria enteringthe breast tissue.
This condition causes mother to feel achy having flu likesymptoms and may need to be treated with antibiotics. Breastfeeding Teaching§ Goodproper hand hygiene before handling the breast to avoid contamination § Toavoid cracked dry nipples apply fresh expressed breastmilk to your nipples tohelp soothe and may help reduce the chance of infection being human milk has antibacterialproperties. § Avoidusing a pacifier so it will not cause nipple confusion for your infant§ Evenif you breastfeed you still need contraceptives if you don’t want to becomepregnant § Notuncommon to have lactational amenorrhea during breastfeeding for the first sixmonths§ Usegood clean supportive loose bras each day and avoid underwire may be helpful§ Pumpedbreastmilk could last in room temperature ideally four hours acceptable sixhours, in a cooler with ice up to 24 hours, in a refrigerator ideally seventy-twohours acceptable eight days. Freshy expresses breastmilk last in freezer twoweeks but in a deep freezer six – twelve months.
§ Donot microwave breastmilk it causes uneven heating creating hot spots and makingit dangerous for infant’s mouth. Preferred mothed is running cool water ontothe frozen or refrigerated milk or overnight defrosting in the refrigerator. Disadvantages of BreastfeedingHaving to feed your infants more oftenwhen they are breastfed than when they are bottle-fed.
Some mothers do not likethe thought of having dietary restrictions or not being able to take certainmedications because it can pass through the breastmilk. Cultural attitudes makesome women feel uncomfortable of the thought of feeding their infant in public sometimeeven if the public is their own family members. You cannot just go anywherebecause only you can feed your baby; unless you are pumping. Finally, some womenchoose not to breastfeed because their breast may not return to their pre-breastfeedingsize and shape. FeedingFormulaBreastfeeding is theideal source of nutrition for infants but, when breastmilk is not available orwho have chosen not to breastfeed infant formula is the best alternative forbaby first year of life.
There are a variety of infant formulas available tomeet the nutritional and dietary needs of your infant. A few of the available formulaare: § milk-basedinfant formula most common consumed infant formulas§ iron-fortifiedand reduced-iron infant formula § Soy-BasedInfant Formula (none animal protein/ glucosamine) § Lactose-FreeInfant Formula § HypoallergenicInfant Formula§ ExemptInfant Formula for infants with specific medical conditions