Breastfeeding the swelling and pain. Lastly another complication is

Breastfeeding Complication

Breastfeeding not supposed to hurt it is meant
to be an enjoyable bonding moment with your baby, however; it is normal to develop
sore nipple in the first few days of breastfeeding. Common complications of having
sore nipple is improperly positioning your baby to your beast, not having baby
latching to the breast properly, and shallow latching (sucking on nipple not
entire breast). Support your breast with baby be on its side with his mouth and
nose facing your nipple without having to turn his head to encourage baby to
open wide to latch on a large portion of the areola not just your nipple.  

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Another complication is engorgement when
the breast feels full, heard, and heavy making it harder for baby to latch on. This
condition results from delayed or infrequent breastfeeding of infant.  To avoid this condition, make sure to
breastfeed your infant every 1 ½ – 2 hours or it may be helpful to hand-express
or use a beast pump. Also, applying warm compression or a shower help to facilitate
milk let-down and using NSAIDs or cold compression to reduce the swelling and pain.

Lastly another complication is mastitis caused
by block milk ducts that causes a section of breast to become red, tender, and
painful. so, if blockage is not treated it could become infected by bacteria entering
the breast tissue. This condition causes mother to feel achy having flu like
symptoms and may need to be treated with antibiotics.

Breastfeeding Teaching

§  Good
proper hand hygiene before handling the breast to avoid contamination  

§  To
avoid cracked dry nipples apply fresh expressed breastmilk to your nipples to
help soothe and may help reduce the chance of infection being human milk has antibacterial

§  Avoid
using a pacifier so it will not cause nipple confusion for your infant

§  Even
if you breastfeed you still need contraceptives if you don’t want to become

§  Not
uncommon to have lactational amenorrhea during breastfeeding for the first six

§  Use
good clean supportive loose bras each day and avoid underwire may be helpful

§  Pumped
breastmilk could last in room temperature ideally four hours acceptable six
hours, in a cooler with ice up to 24 hours, in a refrigerator ideally seventy-two
hours acceptable eight days. Freshy expresses breastmilk last in freezer two
weeks but in a deep freezer six – twelve months.

§  Do
not microwave breastmilk it causes uneven heating creating hot spots and making
it dangerous for infant’s mouth. Preferred mothed is running cool water onto
the frozen or refrigerated milk or overnight defrosting in the refrigerator.

Disadvantages of Breastfeeding

Having to feed your infants more often
when they are breastfed than when they are bottle-fed. Some mothers do not like
the thought of having dietary restrictions or not being able to take certain
medications because it can pass through the breastmilk. Cultural attitudes make
some women feel uncomfortable of the thought of feeding their infant in public sometime
even if the public is their own family members. You cannot just go anywhere
because only you can feed your baby; unless you are pumping. Finally, some women
choose not to breastfeed because their breast may not return to their pre-breastfeeding
size and shape.


Breastfeeding is the
ideal source of nutrition for infants but, when breastmilk is not available or
who have chosen not to breastfeed infant formula is the best alternative for
baby first year of life. There are a variety of infant formulas available to
meet the nutritional and dietary needs of your infant. A few of the available formula

§  milk-based
infant formula most common consumed infant formulas

§  iron-fortified
and reduced-iron infant formula

§  Soy-Based
Infant Formula (none animal protein/ glucosamine)

§  Lactose-Free
Infant Formula

§  Hypoallergenic
Infant Formula

§  Exempt
Infant Formula for infants with specific medical conditions