Climate change is a global phenomenon that is impacting the who earth and all the countries on the earth. Climate change is the increasing impact that greenhouse gases is having on the environment, the way to combat the ever-changing change varies and the methods are different there are mitigation strategies which is trying to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that are in the atmosphere it’s also trying to reduce the amount the C02, C04 and water vapour. With climate change causing many problems like rising sea levels which rose 6 inches in the 20th and will rise 0.6 metres in the next 100 years, the rising temperature increasing 1.1 degrees since the late 19 the century. These problems are why we need these different strategies These mitigation strategies are long term and will take many years to achieve. The immediate response to climate change is adaption this tries to minimise the impact that climate change its an alternate to mitigation. Adaption is all about living with climate change but trying to reduce the damage that climate change can cause. Both these strategies have strengths and weaknesses that will impact how well that work and if they have the merit to be used now and in the future.
The first strategy is a mitigation one and it is to have better energy efficiency in products, services and trade that countries do operate in. This essential and a very good method of trying to reduce greenhouse gases because if business and companies all start to practice in this way of using more efficient vehicles and trying to reduce the amount of carbon that they are using it would impact the amount of carbon in the atmosphere greatly. For example, the UK government has set a date where new diesel cars have to be stop being sold this is in 2040, this timeframe gives car companies time to build and create new technology that will not use diesel so that they can still sell cars in the UK. The 22 years also gives the residents of the UK time to decide if they still want to buy diesel cars or make the switch to electric. I think that this strategy is a well merited one and should be continued to use because every part of a society can become more energy efficient in some way. Also with domestic demand accounting for one- third of primary energy consumption in the uk, new homes in the Uk are being built to maximum energy efficient this is so the future generation of the UK is not left to pick up the pieces of what the past generation has left them in. However, the main problem with this is that it can take a long time to achieve and with a lot of these improvements costing large amounts of money companies might think about the bottom line before thinking about the planet that they do operate on. Which is why the government must back up and support the UK move to decarbonisation.
The next strategy is much more short-term solution but with the help from better efficiency can really improve the amount of greenhouse gases that get released into the atmosphere. This stagey is a adaption which means it can be one of 3. The three are retreat, accommodate or protection. The first one I will discuss is to protect from the impacts that climate change is having. Since the sea level is risen 0.13 inches in the past 20 years and the increase of sea level temperature creates a perfect environment for tropical storms to be created. They are far more common now then years ago because the thermal expansion of the sea and the hotter air and sea temperatures. This is the case of Bangladesh where cyclones, floods and tropical storms are high. Since Bangladesh is an EDCs it says that it’s up to the advanced world to mitigate climate change. The Bangladesh government are all about adaption. With 20 mill people living in areas of less than 1m above sea level its priority of the government to try to stop flooding occurring. So, the government have raised $2 billion dollars to be able to improve its flood defence systems that were already in place this will provide protection for millions of people and will definitely save lives. This shows that the Bangladesh government is one the right track to protecting its country.
However, the problem with the adaption protection strategy is that no government or organisation can prepare for everything even with these improvements being made the people of Bangladesh rely heavily on the AC and EDC countries reducing the amount of emissions they are using because if the amount continues to increase and the climate continues to warm, sea level rise and more heat is trapped. The impacts of climate change that Bangladesh will have will continue to worsen and even with the improvements they have made will not be able to continue to afford the protection. So, I think that this strategy is merited and should be done as long there is communication between countries so that the climate change issue can be manged however this is a difficult task and might take too long before the impacts of climate change are stronger than those defences that Bangladesh did improve.
With Bangladesh and many other countries relying on the world’s richest AC countries to be at the front of trying to use mitigation strategies. The next strategy is one that must be done which is switching to more low carbon energy sources and beginning the process of decarbonisation the UK is a prime example that has started this process. The UK has had a decline in overall energy consumption since 2005 which shows that the UK government is trying to reduce the amount of carbon that the UK is producing, this mitigation strategy is a highly merited one for AC countries however I do feel that EDC and LIDC countries will suffer if they do try and take up this strategy. With climate change causing problems for the UK like the Holderness coastline which is one of the fastest eroding coastlines in Europe, this is due to the raising sea level which is set to rise by another 0.6 metres in the next 100 years as previously stated. The annual rate of erosion is 2m which is devastating the local community and the economy of the local area this is because people are forced to leave this area as their houses and farms are at risk of being destroyed by the eroding coastline. Therefore, it’s great that the UK are making the change to reduce the amount of carbon by being part of the EU renewable energy directive that means that they are set strict targets that the UK try and meet, one of these targets is that they must have 15% electricity from renewable sources by 2020. This displays the UK intent to use this mitigation strategy however as noted the developing nations will find it difficult to be able to apply and use it. Due to the use of coal is key to their development so they will feel that it is unfair that countries like the UK have been able to use coal to their advantage in the industrial revolution. When developing nations have been through this stage of their development they will be a lot more likely to reduce their carbon energy usage and shift to more renewable energy sources until this stage I find it unlikely that this strategy will be merited for EDC and LIDC countries.
To conclude I think that both adaption and mitigation are needed to be able to reduce the full impacts of climate change. They need to work in tangent with each other and countries need to use both to be able to fully reduce the amount of C02 in the atmosphere and reduce the impacts that climate change is having on the planet. Both strategies need the full backing of the countries governments and with some countries having far more wealth than others I can only see some of the countries being able to implement these strategies effectively. The cost of the mitigation strategies is the main downfall and why countries like Bangladesh don’t use mitigation strategies. I think that if countries work together and in unison these strategies would be a lot more effective and well merited to be able to reduce the impacts of climate change