Comparing more secure as well as having less users

Comparing Operating Systems

In this report I will compare my three chosen operating
systems; Linux, MacOS and Windows looking at their singular strengths and
weaknesses in their functions and features. I will then explain what one is the
best and why for each different function and feature.

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Unlike MacOS
and Windows, Linux is not controlled by a certain organisation, its fate is
controlled by its users and what they can alter and publish the operating
system to be. Linux is an open-source operating system unlike the two other
operating systems, which allows the user to alter the source code of the base
Linux operating system. By using this as a base for a new operating system,
the developer will avoid the work of coding the basic functions of the
operating system. Users can add any function possible to the OS, meaning
there are endless opportunities to make it as full as features as Windows and
Linux is
free and doesn’t need a license key to run which means you can install it on
as many computers as you want whereas with MacOS you will have to pay a small
fee to get a license key and download discs and with Windows, it is very
expensive when buying directly from Microsoft.
Linux is
much more secure than its competitors Windows as it has privilege levels
which make it much harder for malware to break through and be executed.
Windows however will execute most things downloaded in the back ground
without checking its contents, this can however be solved by paying for an
antivirus software which will help to stop most breaches into your computer.
Equally Linux has available antivirus software’s, although there is a much
smaller market for them on Linux as it is architecturally more secure as well
as having less users to target.

MacOS has a
lot of compatibility issues with a lot of programs and games which mean they
are not able to be run, whereas with Windows these will work perfectly fine.
This helps Windows get an upper hand on this competition meaning it gets a
larger market share in this area of the OS market.
MacOS is
made specifically for Apple computers which means it is very hard to install
on the hardware and specs of a normal computer. Apple devices contain very
high spec components configured in the best way to allow for MacOS to run on
them, the OS would not work if it was installed on a standard work desktop
computer as it would not have enough power to run it. In comparison, Linux
and Windows operating systems allow for their OS to be installed in any
computer whether it be a budget computer or a high-end computer. Although
they still do have minimum specs which is recommended but are very low.
MacOS has
good privacy as it goes to the extent of refusing the FBI access to all its
customers and users account and data. Windows, meanwhile has had spyware
issues in its past as well as also having a EULA which states that it will
give law enforcement access to data and accounts if the correct legal process
is taken.

In Windows
new release, Windows 10, it offers a new built in feature called “Virtual
Desktops”, this allows for the user to have open more sets of programs at the
same time while keeping different tasks apart. For example, keeping work
programs separate from personal programs. MacOS and Linux also has this
feature, although Linux base does not come with it, but has support for it to
be coded in.


Features and Functions





Machine/Peripheral Management

The Linux Device Manager allows users to view BIOS information,
current firmware version, memory configuration, CPU info, and everything else
related to components and the system unit. There is also a display to show
the amount of free storage space remaining, which is very similar to the
Windows task manager.

The MacOS operating system only recognises products which are built
specifically for use with the mac. Info on the peripherals connected can be
found in the menu of the home desktop page.

On a Windows machine the user has full access and control over the
machine and its peripherals connected. The user can easily find a list of
peripherals connected on the Windows control panel, to perform updates on
drivers or check the status of the peripheral.

All 3 operating systems allow the user good access to system
statistics and peripheral management menus. The menus are very similar in
function, although they do look different in the GUI of each OS.


Out of all 3-operating systems Linux is the most customisable because
it is open-source which means any user can edit its code to add lots of extra
features, as well as being able to changes its GUI to look completely
different. It also includes base customisability features such as changing
the desktop background or size of icons. Linux users can also create programs
for other Linux members to use whether it be a whole other variant of the OS
or just a useful app. This customisability also allows for the OS to be more
secure as there are too many variants of the OS for a malware programmer to
cover all of them (Compatibility wise).

MacOS is by far the least customisable out of these operating systems
as it requires special software to be installed to complete the desktop
customisation which Windows has. The base MacOS only allows the user to
change the desktop background image.
Although MacOS, like the other 2 operating systems does allow the
user full access to their system preferences e.g. default playback devices,
printer settings, etc.

Users using Windows can change the default settings of the computer.
They can also change the basics such as background colour, and background
image. Physically they can change the peripherals they use whereas with MacOS
they must stick to certain ones made for that product. This OS also allows
for users to download and use almost any program needed. This OS overall has
a very customisable GUI.

Overall Linux is the most customisable OS, although it is not the
easiest as it requires the user to know how to code into it. The easiest and
most customisable is Windows because of its simple GUI which allows a lot of
customisable features to mess around with. MacOS is not very customisable
although is with downloaded programs.

Port Connectivity

A lot of drivers are not supported by Linux OS as there is not as
much demand for Linux compatible drivers. Although these drivers don’t work
normally, there is software which can help improve this compatibility issue.

MacOS supports most portable media with a driver compatible with the
OS. It supports the use of USBs, Flash memory cards and phones which are
plugged in via the USB port.

Windows supports all forms of portable media. It includes ready in
system drivers which communicate with older peripheral devices.

Windows is the best for port connectivity as it supports all ports
and installs peripheral drivers automatically when plugged in, MacOS is
slightly behind limiting the use of some peripheral devices which are not
made by the “Apple” brand. For Linux a lot of ports are not supported as the
peripheral companies do not think it’s worth wasting time creating drivers
for the Linux OS.


Linux is by far the most reliable OS out of the 3 listed. This is
because it rarely crashes or needs to be rebooted due to its high security
infrastructure which stops virus and malware breaches which would affect the
computers performance.

MacOS is not as reliable as Linux although like Linux it is not
easily infected by viruses due to its specificity to a certain computer, such
as an Apple Mac. It is also designed in combination with its hardware and the
same organisation which means the hardware and OS work in unison more
efficiently than the others, increasing performance.

Windows is the least reliable out of the 3 operating systems as it
crashes often due to the user opening to many programs at once. It is also
susceptible to viruses and malware as there is no default block for these

Unlike Windows, MacOS and Linux are extremely reliable and less
susceptible to security breaches, which means its overall performance on the
computer’s hardware is more efficient and reliable.

Overall I can see that all three of the operating systems are
equal in the amount of features they are better in, although Linux is better
for customisation and not as good for a range of different peripheral devices
to use. Windows is not very reliable and can crash often if too many programs
are open at the same time but has a good customisable GUI and offers very good
port connectivity and peripheral device driver support.