Cyrus I and great-grandfather. Cyrus married Cassandane who was

Cyrus was born during the period of 600–599
BC. He was son of Cambyses I King of Anshan and Mandane daughter of Astyages
the King of Media, Cyrus was grown up as king by his father Cambyses I ,his
Grandfather Cyrus I and great-grandfather. Cyrus married Cassandane who was an
Achaemenian or Persian and the daughter of Pharnaspes who bore him two sons,
Cambyses II and Bardiya along with three daughters, Atossa, Arty stone, and
Roxane. Cyrus and Cassandane were known to love each other very much Cassandane
the love between them can realize through Cassandane  words,

                            ”she found it more bitter to leave Cyrus than
to depart her life”

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After cassandane’s death Cyrus put all over
his attention on public affairs throughout the kingdom. It is also noted that
Cyrus was originally named ”Agradates” by his step-parents according to that
when reuniting to his real family with his original family following the naming
customs his father Cambyses I named him Cyrus after his grandfather who was
Cyrus I.
his father’s death, Cyrus the great took responsibility of throne as emperor of
Persian empire at Pasargadae which was capital of Achaemenian empire under Cyrus
the Great rule.

                 The Persian Empire was founded
by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC it also called Achaemenid Empire after becoming
king of Persian Empire he went to war against Astyages the last king of the
Median empire(585–550BC) according to some ancient scripts, the Achaemenian
Cyrus the Great was Astyages grandson through his daughter Mandane, but this
relationship is probably legendary. According to Babylonian inscriptions,
Cyrus, king of Anshan in south-western Iran began war against Astyages in 553
BC and in 550 BC the Median troops rebelled and Astyages was taken as a prisoner.
Then Cyrus occupied Ecbatana the Median capital city in modern Iran Hamadan
city. The Persian Empire was based in Western Asian of World the empire was
expanded from the Eastern Europe in the west to the Indus Valley in the east it
was one of the largest empires in ancient history, Persian empire had land area
of 5.5 million square kilometers and was larger than any previous empire in
history. The Persian Empire was renowned throughout in history for its
successful model of a centralized governance, building infrastructure such as
road systems and a postal system throughout all over in Empire, the use of an
official language across its territories, and the development of civil services,
facilities and a large professional army. The Persian empire got enough success
in its political and social system that later inspired other empires to adopt
those similar system. By the 7th century BC the Persians had settled in the
southwestern portion of the Iranian region which came to be their heartland.
From this region Cyrus the Great first time came to defeat the Medes, Lydia,
and the Neo-Babylonian Empire, establishing the Achaemenid Empire or Persian

        Cyrus The Great was kind
leader and he was creator of First Chartered Human Rights. He helped every
person living in his territory mostly Jewish he helped Jewish to get free from
brutality of Babylonian empire it is also called Babylonian exile or Babylonian
captivity it is the period in Jewish history during which a number of people
from the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia they were living
as slaves in under rule of Babylonian emperor and then famous Babylonian
conquest or Battle of Opis happened. At the
time of the Battle of Opis, Persian was the leading power in the Near East its
power had grown vastly under its king, Cyrus The Great, who had conquered a
huge territories to create an empire that covered an area corresponding to the
modern countries of Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kyrgyzstan and
Afghanistan. The only remaining significant unconquered power in the Near East
was the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which controlled Mesopotamia and other kingdoms
such as Syria, Judea, Phoenicia and some land of Arab region. It had been
closely linked with Cyrus’s enemies. The Babylonian Empire was previously formally
cooperating with emperor Croesus of Lydian Empire for a military or other purpose,
the Lydian kingdom was overrun by the Persian  king Cyrus a few years before the invasion of
Babylonia. During the time of the battle of Opis, Babylonia was in bad
geopolitical situation not giving hope of future success or good result, the Persian
empire territory was bordered to Babylonian empire from three sides to the north,
east and west. The Empire was also been suffering different economic problems
like shortage of facilities, food and its king Nabonidus was said to be unpopular
among many of his people for his bad religious and social policies which were not
based on or comply with rules, standards, or laws to what is generally done or
believed by people. During
the aftermath between two empire the
defeat of Babylonian empire at Opis appears to have ended without any serious
resistance to the Persian invasion. The Nabonidus Chronicle was emperor of Babylonian
empire at that time. The battle occur on the fourteenth day on 6 October where
Sippar a city of Babylonian empire was captured without battle. Nabonidus was
present in Sippar when the Persians arrived there, Cyrus remained in Sippar and
on the sixteenth day on 12 October governor of Gutium state and the army of
Cyrus entered Babylon without any battle. Nabonidus himself was captured
shortly afterward when he returned to Babylon. According to the 3rd century BC
Babylonian historian Berossus, king Nabonidus had no way to go and he
surrendered to Persian army and was deported to jail in Carmania (State/city of
Persian empire), where he lived his last days of life and died some years later.
Persian troops took control of the city though the Nabonidus Chronicle provides
little detail of how this was done. Seventeen days later, on 29 October Cyrus
himself entered Babylon, where he was proclaimed king, he issued royal
proclamations being new king of Babylon and appointed governors of his newly
conquered land. Cyrus The Great shown quality of being tolerant to people
giving freedom to Jewish to go back to their Holy city Jerusalem by fall of
Babylonian empire. We can realize his intentions for humanity through his own

you can, act as a liberator. Freedom, dignity, wealth these three together makes
the greatest happiness of humanity. If you leave all those three quality upon
your people, their love for you will never die”.

                 During the rule of Cyrus the Great
Persian empire reached its high peaks he made Empire an Absolute monarchy and
he also made Persian empire political structure to work and depend on tolerance
and diplomacy which later after his death followed by Darius I . Cyrus the
Great build new infrastructures in cities and villages living style of people
was shifted towards betterment and improved. The historical mark of the Persian
Empire went far beyond its territory and military influences included cultural,
social, technological as well as religious influences. Many people adopted
Persian customs in their daily lives some being employed or allied to the
Persian kings. The Persian empire also started to use of advance politics
during rule of Cyrus. He created a new centralized government or administration
in which Persian Empire was divided into 23 small regions called satrapies or
into states and governors or satraps were made to rule those regions and only
King of Empire had a power for choosing those governors even though Persian
Empire had efficient and strong army to protect its territory. The King of
Persian Empire Cyrus the Great was considered as a divine person  Cyrus made a force officially known as
“immortals”” to protect empire and himself from any danger, Also
other force was created known as ”king spies” to kept watch on various satrapies
to make sure there is no any uprising

The Cyrus was following Zoroastrianism religion and all Persian people
were following Zoroastrianism, in this religion there is Prophet called ”Zoroaster”
and God ”Ahura Mazda”. There are three concepts in religion there is only one
God the singularly creative and sustaining force of the Universe and that human
beings are given a right of choice in this religion, there is a concept of judgment
after death and also last concept of good deeds will led you go to Heaven and
evil deeds will led you go to Hell. The Persian empire played instrumental role
in the spread of Zoroastrianism as far east as China. This religion shares many central concepts with the major world religions of
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.