Discuss: to explain how Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism influenced the shaping of Chinese medical thought, in detail, including examples, and related information. Relative influence: degree of effects of each philosophy on shaping TCM theories. Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism: The three main philosophies in China Chinese Medical thought: The foundation of ancient Chinese beliefs or philosophies that formed the TCM theory that we study today.
This subject aims to introduce the students to the historical and philosophical foundations of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). I will be able to acquire knowledge of the historical events and foundations of the traditional Chinese medicine philosophies by exploring and discussing philosophies such as Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism in the evolution of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that we study today. It is important to discuss the three main philosophies that affected greatly on the development of TCM today. It is also important to explain the backgrounds, and beliefs of each philosophy and how these helped to shape the theory taught today. I will also state any conflict occurred in the development of the theory. ConfucianismPolitical reformerEducator Social and ethical philosophy Social rituals (li)humaneness (ren)all virtueNot a religionSocial valuesInstitutionMaster Kong (Confucius, 551 ~ 479 BCE)Zhou Dynasty (1121 BC – 249AD)Concept of Jen (Superior man): perfectibility of manSong Dynasty (960-1279) Zhu Xi imperial civil service exams Negation Roswell for the good of the familyPeace Family unity self-controlloyaltydutyrespectgratitude for elders, family honorprotection and compilation of medical booksTaoism:DaoismTao Te Ching Tao means the Wayorientates and connects everything togethernatural occurrence Ziran (of its own) Three Jewelsharmony with the Tao CompassionModeration HumilityJing (essence)Qi (vital life) Shen (soul) Lao Zi (580-500BC)harmonious life maintaining good health and lifegood mental healthinner peaceHuang Di Nei Jing (Huangdi’s Canon of Medicine)Zhuang Zi (369~286 B.C.
)natural objectivity and laws Warring States Period (475~221 B.C.)longevity and immortal life moralitylaw of earthlaw of heavenlaws of taoessence of natureaim of immortalising human lifeBuddhism:originate from ancient India Western Regions Han Dynasty (206 B.C. – 220 A.D.
)Arrived in China in year 2 BCLaozu cult vital energy reducing desire preserving nature meditationdesire restrictionJin (265 – 420) dynastyTang (618 – 907) dynastyBuddhist medicine jinzhen bazhang shu escape from illness and death protecting all living things mercy moral rules Sun SimiaoDayi Jingcheng (Virtues of Great Physicians)holistic approach body, mind and spirit breathing controltherapeutic practice process of healingthe “Enlightened One”Four Noble TruthsThe Noble Eight Fold PathThe Five PreceptsWisdomCompassionKarmaI will state that I will be writing about the three important philosophies that influenced the TCM theory that we study today. Then I will briefly explain each of 3 philosophies with a short background and main beliefs. I will also state the information about Chinese medicine history. Historical Event: Important historical backgrounds during Zhou dynasty, Han dynasty and other relevant periods that are significant to TCM evolution.
And the history of Chinese Medicine.Confucianism – Zhou dynasty, Origin, main belief, aim, and how they influenced TCM, Taoism – Origin, main belief, aims and how did they influence TCM. Buddhism – Han dynasty, Origin, main belief, aim, and How they influenced TCM, Quote includes: The Buddha says, “I am like a good physician who knows how to cure the illness and prescribe the right medicine.” I will conclude my essay by restating the main points from the essay question, state any common belief of three philosophies, and how they are harmonised to shape the TCM theory today.