During the 16th century, Galileo Galilei was an Italian scientist who believed in the Copernican hypothesis and wanted to prove his ways to the church.
However, due to the time Galileo’s views were silenced. There was much criticism towards the church because of Martin Luther and his Ninety-Five Theses. Luther didn’t appreciate the views of the Roman Catholic Church. In “Science and Scripture”, Galileo wrote to the Grand Duchess of Tuscany (Cristina Lorraine).
He explains to the Duchess his clash between science and religion. The way the church viewed it was that the Bible should be the answer to everything surrounding the world. In the Bible “the salvation of souls” is said as one of its purpose but doesn’t explain our world externally. In 1625 Galileo invented the telescope which helped him further his research. While the church believed the Earth was the center of the universe, Galileo found evidence pertaining that the sun is the center of the universe. This would mean that the Earth is rotating around the sun and that the sun is still. Any person who disobeyed the church was put to stand trial.
Even with his evidence the church disapproved of the wrongdoings and would not listen. If people found out that the church was wrong on this, it would cause them to lose followers and people would become suspicious of any other things they may be wrong on. If Galileo wanted to he could’ve kept all this information to himself but he didn’t want people to be lied to. The church went by nothing else, only the Bible. The Bible discussed the movement of the Earth and the sun but never spoke on the rotation.
We know now that Galileo was correct but during these times, anyone who spoke against the church was tried. Galileo’s ideas would help many other scientists and philosophers in the future. Although Galileo died On January 8th, 1642 (blindness) he paved the pathway for more ideas to come.