Ganga Action PlanThe Ganga, known as the lifeline of North India because it provides water to 40% of the population in India, is the one of the most Polluted rivers. This river is mainly polluted because Human waste, Industrial waste and religious traditions. Mr. Rajiv Gandhi launched the Ganga Action Plan on June 1985. Its main objective was to intercept, divert and treat domestic sewage to improve the quality of water.
It also aimed to prevent toxic and industrial chemical wastes from entering the river. The states covered in Ganga Action Plan 1 includes Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) is a centrally funded scheme launched in 1995 aimed at preventing the pollution of rivers.
Soon Ganga Action Plan 2 was merged with National River Conservation Plan. NRCP now covers 38 rivers in 178 towns in India. Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Delhi, Haryana are the states covered in Ganga Action Plan 2. Out of the 215 schemes of pollution abatement sanctioned, 69 has been completed.