Identify legislation that governs the use of medication.
The Medicines Act 1968
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
The Mental Capacity Act 2005
The Misuse of Drugs Safe Custody Regulations
The Data Protection Act 1998 plus equality legislation
The Access to Health Records Act 1990
Outline the legal classification system for medication.
The classification system relates to The Medicines Act 1968. The Act has three categories of medicine POM- Prescription only medication which you can get from your pharmacist but has to be prescribed by a practitioner. PO- Pharmacy Only medicines these can be purchased without a prescription.
Describe why policies and procedures must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements.
Policies and procedures must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements as the policies and procedures are set out to legislation in the 1st place. policies and procedures which I put in place to ensure legislations being followed that all people in the care setting off safe and they all need a beer mat up to the standards within the wall. policies and procedures must reflect on legislation to make sure they are carrying out tasks such as administrator on medications in the correct manner.
Know about common types of medication and their use
Identify common types of medication.
List conditions for which common types of medication may be prescribed.
• Antibiotics- are used to fight infections
• Analgesics- are used to relieve pain
• Antacids- are used to relieve indigestion
• Laxatives- are used to alleviate constipation.
Describe changes to a child’s physical or mental well-being that may indicate an adverse reaction to a medication.
Some changes that can occur to a childs physical or mental well-being are rashes on the body or mouth, difficulty breathing, swelling, nausea, sickness and diarrhoea, shaking, headaches, drowsiness, constipation and weight gain. You should always check doses and requirements before giving a child any medication.
Understand roles and responsibilities in the use of medication in early years settings
Explain the roles and responsibilities of those involved in:
• Prescribing medication.
• Dispensing medication.
• Supporting the use of medication.
It is the doctors job to ensure they prescribe the correct medication with the correct time and dosage to be taken. The chemists role is to enuse they give the correct medication that on the prescription and ensuring that the items they give out are correct and are exactly the same as what is written on the perscrittion. The carers job is to ensure the person needing the medication is given it and ensuring that the dosage, medication and time to be given is all correct. They need to ensure that they are following everything written on the prescription and any information that comes with the medication.
Explain roles and responsibilities relating to use of ‘over the counter’ remedies and supplements.
If parents were using over the counter remediesfor thir children then staff would need to ask where they got it and why they are taking it. They would them need to inform the manager and document it in the care plan. If the parent cannot give a valid reason as to why the child needs the medication then it would be take away and not given to the child, you would then need to report this to the manager.
Explain the procedure for reporting issues associated with medication.
Know techniques for administering medication
Describe the routes by which medication can be administered.
You can administer medication through-
• Sublingually- which is tablets or liquids administered under the tounge to be absourbed quicker.
• Inhalation- this is mostly used for people who have respetory problems such as asthma and the medication is inhaled.
• Injections- this is where medicine is injected into large muscles in the body.
• Intravenous- this is when medicine is injucted straight into the veins to be absorbed the quickest, this usually helps in life threatening situation.
• Subcutaneous injection- is when medicine is administered underneath the skin.
• Instillation administration- is a liquid medicine that can be administered in the eyes, nose and ears.
• Rectal administration- this is the quickest way to get medicine to be absorbed into the body.
Describe different forms in which medication may be presented.
Most medicnes are created for oral administration which means they are taken through the mouth in forms such as tablets, capsules or liquids. Medicnes come in different shape, size, colours and tastes. Tablets and capsuals are solid forms of medicine that are made to aid compliance and reduce adverse effects. Liquid medicnes are measured in 2.5ml or 5ml by using a cup, spoon or syringe.