Improving Philippine education through organisation development Philippines Australia Human Resource and Organisational Development Facility PAHRODF The great thing about this project is that we were the ones who analysed the problem of our school

Improving Philippine education
through organisation
development
Philippines Australia
Human Resource and
Organisational Development
Facility
PAHRODF
The great thing about this
project is that we were the
ones who analysed the
problem of our school. It was
not dictated to us.
The library of Betty-Go Belmonte Elementary School
in Quezon City is currently one of the busiest rooms
in the school. Every day, excited second-graders go in
and out of the room, reading out loud and proud to the
joy of their teachers and parents who are also regulars
of the school library. The room bursts with so much
excitement you wouldn’t believe that just three months
ago the library was the most quiet, often unnoticed,
room in the school.
In September 2013, 128 out of the 339 second-grade
students of Betty-Go Belmonte Elementary School
were non-readers in English. 81 students were non-
readers in Filipino. By December 2013, however, the
figures dramatically dropped with zero non-readers,
and 15 and 5 students considered syllable-readers in
English and Filipino, respectively.
How did they do it?
The change that took place at Betty-Go Belmonte
Elementary School did not happen overnight. In fact,
the change happened systematically – through a 10-
step continuous improvement process – implemented
by six teachers comprising the schools’ Continuous
Improvement (CI) Programme team. These teachers
took on the challenge of bringing down the percentage
of non-readers in their school in only three months
using CI tools, competencies and processes.
CASE STUDY
JINKEE MOLINA
Department of Education
Philippines Australia Human Resource and Organisational Development Facility (PAHRODF)A project funded by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Tradewww.pahrodf.org.ph

Improving Philippine education through organisation development
The CI Programme is a project of the Department of Education and the Philippines
Australia Human Resource and Organisational Development Facility (PAHRODF) to
improve school processes and systems that affect the learning outcomes of students. Through
formal training, workshops, and coaching, teachers who were enrolled in the program
developed skills to analyse problems, formulate and implement appropriate solutions, and
develop a system of continuous improvement, which they can apply in their schools and
classrooms.
“The CI programme enabled us, teachers, to improve our way of
teaching”
“Because of the CI programme we learned that we can lower the rate of non-readers in
our school – even in a short timeframe. Before, we thought it was impossible. But when we
applied the CI tools in coming up with solutions, we immediately saw the positive effect in
the performance of our students. The CI programme enabled us, teachers, to improve our way
of teaching,” said Jinkee Molina, team leader of Betty-Go Belmonte’s CI Programme.
Philippines Australia Human Resource and Organisational Development Facility (PAHRODF)A project funded by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Tradewww.pahrodf.org.ph
Teachers are creative problem-solvers
By conducting a root-cause analysis, the teachers from Betty-Go Belmonte, led by Teacher
Jinkee, were able to identify the high percentage of non-readers in second grade as the most
pressing problem of the school. The teachers explained that second grade is a crucial grade
level because when the students move up to third grade, they should already be able to read
and understand lessons in Science, English, Filipino and Math in preparation for their
national achievement test.
“The great thing about this project is that we were the ones who analysed the problem of our
school. It was not dictated to us. We were the ones who discovered the gaps and we came up
with our own strategies on how to solve it using the tools we learned from our CI training,”
said Teacher Jinkee.
After a series of brainstorming sessions, the team launched the Daily Achievement Road to
Excellence: Intensified Remedial Reading (DARE) or Project DARE, a school-wide project
to decrease the number of non-readers in second grade – that includes daily reading remedial
classes and weekly evaluation / dialogue with their parents and guardians.

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Improving Philippine education through organisation development
From “kanya kanya” to a standard teaching process
Planning, according to teacher Jinkee is one of the most important things they learned from
the program. “I learned from the CI training that if you have a target to achieve you should
not work on things without basis. There should be a process to follow. The process refines our
craft.”
Teacher Elirose and Leslie, teachers of the CI team, explained: “Before, what we have was the
“kanya kanya” system. We do things on our own. We just use materials that are available. For
example, in teaching reading, one teacher may use reading materials that are totally different
from the ones being used by another teacher. Some teachers may use a strategy involving
flash cards, which the other classes don’t have. Because of the CI Programme, we developed a
standard process. We developed a matrix so that our students are reading only one material.”
Philippines Australia Human Resource and Organisational Development Facility (PAHRODF)A project funded by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Tradewww.pahrodf.org.ph
“I learned from the CI training
that if you have a target to
achieve you should not work
on things without basis. There
should be a process to follow.
The process refines our craft”
The programme made teachers approaches more
strategic. “Because of the CI Programme I realised
that I have a target in the classroom and I should have
a process to follow in achieving my target,” added
Teacher Leslie.
Engaging the local community
Betty-Go Belmonte’s CI team implemented three key strategies in running Project
DARE. First, they engaged their barangay captain. “Our barangay captain has always been
supportive of our school. But when she saw the video message of Secretary Luistro on the
CI Programme, she was so touched that she offered to provide free printing of our reading
materials,” said Teacher Jinkee. Next, they empowered the parents. “Parents are the teachers
at home. Since we can only guide students when they are in school, we invited parents to
participate in the program. One of the things we really want to highlight is the importance
of follow-up,” said Teacher Leslie. Every Friday, teachers meet with parents and guardians
to monitor and validate if the children have been doing their reading homework. Third, they
tapped Grade six students to tutor non-readers after school – especially those who cannot
make it to the morning remedial classes.

Improving Philippine education through organisation development
In November 2013, during the school’s Book Week celebration, the team organised a
ceremony to recognise non-readers who learned how to read, as well as their parents. It was
the first time for most of them to come up on stage for an academic recognition. This made
them even more motivated to keep reading and to keep learning after that.
Quality teachers for quality education
Teacher Jinkee shared that one of the secrets of their success was the encouragement they
continuously receive from their school principal who gave her all-out support to the project.
In fact, with the guidance and help of their principal, the team is set to expand the CI
Programme next school year and apply it on other subjects like math and science.
Teacher Jinkee said her passion for teaching was rekindled by the CI Programme. She and
her team are excited to witness more fruits of the programme as they expand it in the coming
months. “As a teacher I want our students to experience quality education…that even if they
are not able to study in an expensive school, they can still experience what it’s like to study
in a quality school.” she said. “I am deeply grateful to the people behind the CI Programme
because the project enabled us teachers to improve our way of teaching. The CI programme
made quality teachers out of us and our passion for teaching was rekindled. What’s more,
we are able to touch lives – the lives of our students, their parents and families, our local
community and our co-teachers. We are blessed to be selected to be a part of this program.”
Philippines Australia Human Resource and Organisational Development Facility (PAHRODF)A project funded by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Tradewww.pahrodf.org.ph