In Security Council resolution on Kosovo. There were substantial

In November 2005, the Contact Group – in its last consensus –
stated the guiding principles for status resolution. At the same time, UN
Secretary General praised former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari to lead the
process of reaching a status agreement. Ahtisaari faced a difficult task due to
various positions on the final status of Kosovo’s case; positions that
reflected the opposing stances of Belgrade and Pristina. In joint sessions and
other meetings, he focused on trying to draw on both sides the elements of a possible
compromise agreement. He managed to get out of the talks the elements for
something that became known as the Ahtisaari Plan.

However, in 2007, it was clear that there would be no new UN
Security Council resolution on Kosovo. There were substantial issues between
Quint countries and Russia, with Moscow refusing to grant independence to
Kosovo as a precedent for other controversial regions. There were also factors
in bilateral relations between Russia and the US which influenced the dynamics.
With guaranteed Quintile support, Kosovo declared independence in February
2008. The Ahtisaari plan served as the basis for this statement and for an
ongoing international role; to be carried out by the International Civilian
Office (ICO) of the Special Representative of the European Union and the EU
Rule of Law Mission (EULEX). During the duration of the events, the Ahtisaari
Plan was implemented in southern Kosovo, including some non-Albanian majority

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The Ahtisaari plan remains a good framework for resolving the
conflict around the north and maintaining Kosovo’s territorial and political
integrity while status remains controversial. It provides minority rights and
participation in government, local self-rule and links between local
municipalities (with Serb majority) and Belgrade. Along with UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s six-point plan, the Ahtisaari Plan provides a
number of pragmatic measures related to police, customs, courts and
infrastructure, plus local autonomy in education and culture, and special
features for Mitrovica (University and Hospital). The plan also provides
mechanisms to ensure transparency in Belgrade’s support for Serbian
municipalities in Kosovo and the linking of northern Serbs and their local
institutions to Pristina. Northern Serbs should look further away from the
simple rejection of the Ahtisaari Plan – as related to Kosovo’s independence –
and to re-examine closely how they can address their problems

Minorities in Kosovo

Community rights in Kosovo are ensured by a range of primary
and secondary legislative acts, including the Constitution of the Republic of
Kosovo and the Basic Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of
Communities and their Members in Kosovo, acts which cover the rights of
communities from a broader perspective there are six communities in Kosovo(
including Albanians with 93%)

Serbs:  Most Kosovo
Serbs live in the Serb-populated north or in one-ethnic enclaves in other parts
of Kosovo. Approximately one third live in the Serb majority municipalities of
Zvecan (95% of the municipal population), Leposaviq (95%), Zubin Potok (89.4%)
and in the northern part of Mitrovica (90%). To the south of the Iber River,
Serbs constitute the majority of the population in Štrpce (75%) and Novo Brdo
(40%). The rest of the members of the Serb community are distributed throughout
the villages across Kosovo, accounting for between 5% and 20% of the municipal
population. The Serbian community is the second largest community in Kosovo.
Kosovo Serbs account for about 6% of the total population of the country, which
matches the total number of approximately 114,000.

Turks: The Turkish community in Kosovo is mainly concentrated
in the Prizren municipalities (6.9%) 1, Mitrovica (3%) and Istog (3.33%),
although this figure includes Bosniaks. In Kosovo, there have been a large
number of members of the Turkish community since its Ottoman occupation in the
fourteenth century. In general, this community has been stable, integrated in
Kosovo society and active in all aspects of cultural, social and political
life. Due to the lack of reliable statistics, demographic data on Kosovo Turks
have been the subject of discussion and distortion , and should be treated with
discretion. The number of members of the Turkish community is estimated to be
around 1% of the total number of Kosovo’s population, corresponding to about
19,000 people