In the world with the fast-paced technology advancement, there are many benefits and conveniences that can be used by the public or society, plus the technology also play an important role in our life. The access to education, medicine and industry has been simplified due to the modern day technology. Not to forget that the development in the transportation also shows that the modern technology improves the style of the transportations from vehicles that needs petroleum to hybrid vehicles and so on to driverless vehicles. An autonomous vehicle could be define as a vehicle that can guide itself without human conduction and has become a concrete reality in which may pave the way for future systems where computers take over the art of driving. This essay would give a focus to self-driving cars and it’s impact on industrial civilization. A concrete example of autonomous vehicles is a driverless or self-driver car that doesn’t need a control of human in which will give many positive impacts on reducing the accident rate and many more. Driverless cars, including the Google’s autonomous cars have been tried on road many times but they are not yet commercially available on large scale. There are many improvements that had been done in autonomous cars in terms of commuting people and mobilize the incapable person. For example, commuters in US drive a lot: 19 million drive 2.5 hours a day). In contrast, 78 million other workers drive about one hour a day. The differences in time diaries from members of each group suggest that the people who drive longer do less of other activities to make time to commute ((Williams, 2017). Specifically, people who drive longer get 30 minutes less sleep, watch TV a half-hour less and do 30 minutes less work than their counterparts who drive less. If an autonomous vehicle were available, those long-duration drivers would presumably be very interested in catching up on sleep, favorite TV programs and perhaps even some work.
Autonomous cars are one of the most highly anticipated innovations in consumer products, and the wait is getting shorter. As this technology becomes accessible to the general public, the technology’s overall effects and have significant impact in our life. The first concrete example of autonomous car is impacts on equity in which it is another major thought. Self-driving innovation might offer assistance mobilize people who are incapable to drive themselves, such as the elderly or disabled. But the widespread adoption could also displace millions of Americans employed as drivers, negatively impact public transportation funding, and perpetuate the current transportation system’s injustices (Michael, 2016). Self-driving cars could revolutionize how disabled people get around their communities and even travel far from home. People who can’t see well or with physical or mental difficulties that prevent them from driving safely often rely on others – or local government or nonprofit agencies – to help them get around. Autonomous vehicle technology on its own is not enough to help these people become more independent, but simultaneous advances in machine learning and artificial intelligence can enable these vehicles to understand spoken instructions, observe nearby surroundings and communicate with people. After an introduction on the current status of worldwide developments in the technology for automated cars held by representative of the University, a discussion started on the benefits of autonomous cars in the lives of disabled people. The discussion showed that the technology has the potential to improve mobility independence of those who cannot get a driver’s license, including disabled people. Together, these technologies can provide independent mobility with practical assistance that is specialized for each user’s abilities and needs
Next, the impact of autonomous cars is to environmental. Environmental impacts are a serious concern, and a major uncertainty. Accessible, affordable, and convenient self-driving cars could increase the total number of miles driven each year. If those vehicles are powered by gasoline, then transportation-related climate emissions could skyrocket. If, however, the vehicles are electrified—and paired with a clean electricity grid—then transportation emissions could drop, perhaps significantly. To the extent that electrified self-driving cars enable more shared rides (for example, through services such as Uber), emissions could drop even further. The Union of Concerned Scientists has worked on transportation-related policy issues for decades, and advocates for equitable, low-pollution vehicles, fuels, and infrastructure. In February 2017 they released a policy brief that outlines the challenges and benefits of self-driving technology, and that includes seven principles for policy makers, companies, and other stakeholders to use as guides. Autonomous cars utilize essentially less gas and energy when driving, compared to a vehicle driven by a human. Most gas is burned when driving at tall speeds, braking, and re-accelerating excessively. Self-driving vehicles cut these components out of their driving style, meaning less gas is burned, or battery control consumed, resulting in less air pollution. On the other hand, the autonomous cars have the potential to cut energy consumption by a whopping 90 percent, according to NREL research. A huge contributor would be reduction in collisions. Because the number of car crashes will almost certainly fall with self-driving cars, the production of safety equipment and vehicle testing should decrease as well. The newer vehicles may also boast of more efficient fuel economy. They’re designed to be more aerodynamic and programmed to take the most efficient routes. Autonomous vehicles are also programmed to operate in a more fuel-efficient manner. Human drivers tend to ride the gas and brakes heavier than necessary, which burns excessive fuel. In contrast, self-driving trucks and cars can be programmed to operate at maximum efficiency all the time.
Overall, based on the domain and various impacts that had been stated before, it could be say that autonomous or self-drive cars is a net benefit because the transformation in commuting that brought by autonomous cars has made huge impact on equity an environmental. In terms of equity, autonomous cars help people who are incapable or old people to reach their destiny with easy. These cars can be controlled by voice and will integrate with GPS. Eventually, autonomous cars can be programmed to stop near a curb cut. For some disabled people having another person may still be needed. For example, some wheelchair users may still need a companion to move the wheelchair or to return a powered scooter to its parking spot – but with help of advance technology, maybe the scooter will park itself too. Next, in terms of environmental impact, the greenhouse gasses emissions could be reduce. A recent report by the Intelligent Transportation Society of America projects that so-called intelligent transportation systems (ITS) could achieve a 2 to 4 percent reduction in oil consumption and related greenhouse gas emissions each year over the next 10 years as these technologies percolate into the market.