In to the top of the list and made

recent years, the interest in composite materials has increased as a new
engineering material due to its unique properties. Where it was used
prominently in structural applications that requires lightweight and high
resistance to corrosion. These materials have proved success in many applications
(space, transportation, civil and military industry, agricultural industries,
medical industries, etc.)1,2. Composite materials can be defined as a
material composed of two or more different substances that share their
properties, to form new material with new properties, where there is no
chemical reaction between these substances and each substance retains its basic
properties. Composite materials consist of reinforcing material that have high strength and stiffness, such as glass fibers and carbon fiber, immersed in a matrix material such as polymer or resin.  The matrix material bonds the fibers
together, and also transfers the shear stresses to the reinforcing material.
Composite materials have outperformed traditional structural materials (which
made from metals) in many ways. For example: have more durability than
traditional structural materials, easy to form complex shapes with different
sizes, light weight without affecting the strength, exposed to low fatigue
rates, high thermal resistance (for ceramic mixtures), larger resistance to
corrosion and weather conditions, a huge resistance to the spread of cracks
that may occur as a result of vibration, and therefore, they are excellent to
be used in the rotational axes. All these reasons have pushed composite
materials to the top of the list and made them the preferred materials in
aircraft construction 3-5.


In the
aviation, the metals were used to shield the electronic systems in the
aircraft, to protect them from the electromagnetic interference (EMI). In
addition to that, metal coils are currently used in the installation of
aircraft structures to protect the aircraft from lightning strikes. However,
these metals are heavy which increase the weight of the aircraft and are also
costly. Therefore, aerospace companies tried to find conductive composite
materials instead of metals. The advantages of conductive composites are:
lightweight, high strength and stiffness, and high electrical conductivity
capable of protecting the aircraft and its systems (sensors, integrated
circuits, etc…)  from lightning strikes
and electromagnetic interference (EMI). In addition to that, they can also be
used as a heating element capable of melting the ice that forms on the surface
of the aircrafts 6-8. The major focus of this paper is to
provide a comprehensive review of conductive composites. A brief introduction
to the chemistry and properties of the well-known graphene material, followed
by review of the recent literature on graphene conductive composites is

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