India, a country in Asia, has over 1.2 billion people and is the seventh largest country in the world. The capital is New Delhi and the largest city is Mumbai, formerly called Bombay. It’s highest point is Kanchenjunga, which is 8,586 meters (28,169 ft) above sea level.
India is bordered by Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China and Bhutan. It is surrounded by the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. It’s land area is 3,287,263 square kilometers and its coastline measures 7,516 kilometers. From North to South, India measures 3,214 km ( 1,997 mi), and from East to West 2,933 km ( 1,822 mi). Kanchenjunga, lies partly in Nepal, India, and Sikkim and is the third largest mountain in the world.
Many religious beliefs were practiced in India. During the 1930s and 1940s, most people in India were Muslims, they were led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and the Muslim League. In 1947 one-third of India’s population were Muslims. When the British Empire ruled India, Protestant and Christianity were adopted into India. Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism are the major ones today . In 1951, 84.1% of the population practiced Hinduism, 9.8% were Muslims, 0.74% practiced Buddhism and 2.3% were Christians. The Census of 2011 showed that only the population of Hindus and Muslims grew. Hinduism, the oldest religion in the world, is the primary religion in India. “Sanatan Dharma” is another name Hinduism is known as. After Christianity and Islam, it is third largest religion in the world.
The Indian flag was adopted in July 22, 1947 and symbolizes nationalism and freedom. The flag was made in the memory of India’s independence from the British rule.India was part of the British Empire in the 1900, but gained its independence in 1947. On the 26th of January, 1930, India celebrated their first Independence Day, but freedom officially came to India on August 15, 1947. The deep saffron at the top of the flag represents selflessness and courage, the white in the middle represents honesty, purity and the peace of the nation, the green at the bottom represents fertility and prosperity. The flag is also called Tiranga, meaning a tricolored flag. On the white, in the middle of the flag, the Ashok Chakra has 24 spokes, which represents the twenty-four hours in a day.
There are many historic monuments in India, the most famous one, the Taj Mahal took almost 20 years to build. It started in 1631 and was finished in 1648. The Taj Mahal (“Crown of the Palace”) is an ivory marble monument located in Agra. It was designed by architects from different nations. It’s exterior is a mix of combined elements of the Persian, Indian and Mughal architectural styles. It was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in honor of his third wife, Arjumand Banu Begum (Mumtaz Mahal) who died giving birth the her 14th child. After she died, she was brought to Agra, and was buried in a garden near the Jamuna River.
India’s national animal is the Bengal Tiger, its national fruit is mango, national sport is hockey and its national bird is the peacock. In India marigold flowers are used as decorations in hindu marriages and they symbolize good fortune and happiness. The Indian Rupee is the currency in India, and the coins are called paise. In the early 20th Century, the Rupee was the currency of several other countries such as Aden, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Kenya, Uganda and Mauritius.
India is a very diverse country seeing that many people with different cultures and religions live there. It has the 2nd largest population in the world. It was considered the jewel crown of the British Empire in the 1900s. India is a very united country, and the people are very patriotic to their motherland.