INTRODUCTION. Various perceptions have been raised to

INTRODUCTION.Surprisingly, when the Malaysian government was taken over by Tun Dr Mahathir, Malaysia’s latest debt has reached Rm1 trillion while under the leadership of Najib Razak. After the election of GE 14, various issues have arisen mainly on ‘National Debt’. Many Malaysians are shocked by the recent 1 trillion state debt exposure by the recent Finance Minister of Malaysia.

Various perceptions have been raised to the previous government with the allegations of hiding the real figure of the country’s debt. In fact, national debt is always reflected in the country’s previous financial reports.The country’s total debt is now estimated at over RM1 trillion, putting a big challenge for the country.MP Prof Datuk Dr Mohamed Mustafa Mohd Hanefah, a member of the National Profession Council’s Council for Economic ; Management Cluster Committee (MPN), said 90 per cent of the debt was involved in domestic institutions, but it would have a huge impact if the government failed to settle it.”Previously we did not know the real amount of the national debt and the RM1 trillion was quite big enough to give us a lot of challenges to solve it.

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Most national debt involves domestic financial institutions such as the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) and the Retirement Fund (Incorporated) (KWAP) and the rest of the external debt through mega projects. Should the situation still be stable but when it involves so much, the opposite goes, “he said.6 Real Source Of Malaysian Debt Continues to Increase1) Many Recordings of Unpaid Debt Payment RecordBased on records, for example, the granting of a grant to PTPTN RM2 billion annually, Capital injection to the Infrastructure that suffered losses annually was not included in the budget and many more spending on capital injection and pay off debt are not recorded in the budget and clearly contribute to Malaysia’s debt problem.2) High interest paymentsAs of March 19, the government was forced to pay a 12.5 percent debt interest (RM31 billion) of the total income received by the Malaysian government.

It is 2 times compared to our neighboring country, just as low as 6.1 per cent.3) Infrastructure ExpenditureFormer United Nations Secretary-General, Jomo Kwame Sundaram disputes the transparency and accountability of the Malaysian government on how the country manages the total infrastructure spending in Malaysia.4) Operating Expense CostsBased on news reports released by The Edge Malaysia Editor, Cindy Yap said the increase in management expenditure by the Malaysian government by an average of 6 percent contributed to the ups and downs of Malaysia’s debt5) Malaysian Income Revenue ImpairedWith the collapse of world oil prices slightly affected the state revenue. Based on an American dollar record the world oil price hike for each world crude barrel provides a nation’s revenue of RM300 million6) OverdueBased on Malaysia’s debt records, the amount has been more than double the debt owed by the Prime Minister since Tunku Abdul Rahman, Tun Razak, Tun Hussein Onn, Tun Dr Mahathir, Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.

The amount is now worrying enough for Malaysians.

Introduction: conclusions can be drawn from the

Introduction: This Analysis paper is on my inspirational leader Mr. Jeff P. Bezos, Founder & CEO of Amazon. The purpose of this paper is to analyze his leadership style and his effective thinking in building the company over the years and his emotional quotient (EQ) leadership competencies that he applied in handling his strategic team and making the company stand top.

Below sections will address the leadership style that Jeff Bezos has adopted and how it fits with existing theories and concepts on leadership, then the effective thinking that Jeff Bezos has installed within the company according to a variety of media sources. Along with the EQ competencies he incorporates in leading from the front. This paper will seek to connect his leadership approach and emotional intelligence to the culture and well-being of Amazon and establish what conclusions can be drawn from the analysis.

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Jeff Bezos’s Style of Leadership: Jeff Bezos’s charismatic-visionary leadership is the key to his and Amazon’s success. Jeff’s leadership style is a charismatic-visionary which radiates energy, enthusiasm and a driving force for his employees to perform and win. He sold his idea to his investors which proved profitable and worth taking the risk to invest their money. He was able to “raise several million dollars from private investors” to start his company. Jeff proved his leadership skills in influencing people throughout the years by his ability in finding the investors and displaying Amazon’s success.Jeff Bezos is symbolized by various media outlets as passionate, enthusiastic and visionary.

Social constructs built around Bezos see him as a charismatic and revolutionary innovator who changed the e-commerce business environment. His style motivated his employees during the hard times in the early years when the company was expanding and not bringing in profits. Jeff Bezos inspired his employees by demonstrating his abilities throughout the ups and downs of a rapidly growing company. He has built a strong culture of customer satisfaction and innovation right from the beginning and Amazon to be “Earth’s biggest anything store”, and consistently reinforced that desire throughout the years (Academy of Achievement, 2010).

His determination to be successful and increase market share took it all the way to the top as a market leader through innovation. He Jeff’s Effective Thinking: Jeff with his effective thinking has incorporated Amazon’s “Six Core Values” and a strong corporate culture around those values to reach his objectives. The “Six Core Values: customer obsession, ownership, bias for action, frugality, high hiring bar and innovation” defined the organizations culture and focus (Academy of Achievement, 2010). These brought about the focus needed by employees and what is expected of them and how to succeed within the organization. Amazon Leadership Principles, customer obsession demonstrates that Leaders start with the customer and work backwards, and this clarifies for all employees that customer satisfaction is the top priority. Amazon’s entire organization has a contemporary organizational team structure promoting innovation and risk-taking.

Jeff believes that decisions should be made when we have 70% information, if we wait for 90% of information undoubtedly, we will be slow. Also, fast- decision makes us ahead in competition else we will be too late if we wait for the perfect information.Jeff strategic thinking’s another example is clarifying every Amazon employee is a leader and promoting that everyone is a vital part of the team and they are required to lead in every action they perform. He designed work teams to be small groups of not more than two-pizza size (5-7 members) to make the team more innovative, take ownership and perform fullest. He always believes that team size directly influences innovation, and they take responsibility and get empowered and make the team succeed. Jeff Bezos’s Emotional Intelligence: Amazon’s Jeff Bezos is with extremely high emotional intelligence by winning over the hearts and minds of customers, and he uses his self-deprecating humor to make people feel comfortable with him. Jeff Bezos also makes meetings more productive. Bezos was able to understand that failure was okay, but not trying wasn’t.

He claims smaller teams can reach decisions faster because there are fewer people to argue or agree with a conclusion. Well made up teams work cohesively together to reach their goals, so they are more inclined to perform. With High EI Jeff is extremely aware, look for ideas from everywhere, and are not limited to invention, he has strong business judgment and good instincts.

He is extremely good at recognizing exceptional talent, and willingly move through the organization. ConclusionAs of today, Amazon is the world’s most customer-centric company and Bezos is credited with setting the standard by how consumers across the globe view e-commerce shopping. Bezos is seen as a remarkable business leader in terms of value creation and profitability, and Amazon has seen exceptional growth under his leadership.

Jeff Bezo’s confidence and motivation to succeed has brought about success for himself and Amazon. His six core values of customer obsession, ownership, bias for action, frugality, high hiring bar and innovation continues to support the direction he wants the organization to progress. The contemporary team environment required by Jeff, utilizing work groups has created and continued to be very productive and appears to be the right organizational structure for the creative, risk-taking culture envisioned by Amazon and its leaders. Jeff ‘s charismatic-visionary leadership is clearly the key to the success of Amazon.


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