INTRODUCTIONA social issue is a problem that effects a considerable number of individuals within a society. Pakistan is the 34th largest country in the world and facing a lot of social issues including poverty, illiteracy, population growth, terrorism, poor health facilities, food crisis, water crisis, injustice, child labor and discrimination of sex, etc. Our main discussion is water scarcity which is the most critical problem of the country.WATER CRISIS IN PAKISTAN”Water, water, everywhere, nor any drop to drink” aptly describes the problem of water in Pakistan, a problem of scarcity amid abundance. Water scarcity is the lack of sufficient available water resources to meet the demands of water. Pakistan is at number 17th on the list of countries facing water crisis.
The country will run out of water by 2025 if sizeable reservoirs are not developed. WATER USAGEThe usage of water in Pakistan 96% in agriculture sector2% in industrial sector2% in domestic sectorWATER AVAILABILTY The total dams and reservoirs in Pakistan over the height of 15m (49ft) are 150.Tarbela Dam is the largest earth filled dam in the world and is second largest by the structural volume.Mirani Dam is the largest dam in the world in terms of volume for flood protection.center80618600Making a comparison, Pakistan had a 30-day water storage capacity compared to 170 days in India, adding Pakistan was among 15 most water-stressed countries. Water experts warn Pakistan will be a water-scarce country by 2030 if the government does not take serious steps. Pakistan fears that Indian efforts to build dams on rivers on which it has exclusive rights could lead to drought in the country. Meanwhile, according to findings, water scarcity will further increase in near future due to rise in urbanization, industrial development, population, change in life and food consumption patterns, increased GDP and irrigation requirements due to global warming.
WATER SHORTAGE IN BRIEFThe day-to-day injustice from inadequate water supply hits people with precarious livelihoods the most. In fact, for several years now, the chaotic picture of the future is already a reality in scores of informal settlements in the port city of Karachi.With a per person annual availability of water at 1,017 cubic meters, Pakistan is fast closing in at 1,000 cubic meters which indicates that county is water scarce. Karachi’s civic agency for water and sanitation estimates the city’s fresh water demand at 1,100 million gallons per day. The supply gets capped at around 480mgd.
To meet this shortfall of over 50%, there are groups running illegal hydrants.With nearly 50 to 55 million-acre feet pumped out and only 40 to 45maf recharged, the aquifer in Punjab’s capital of Lahore is getting drained faster than it can be replenished.