Introduction Information technology governance planning refers to thedevelopment of a formal framework that stipulates the organizations structurewith an aim of aligning the IT investments with the business objectives. Thedemand for IT governance in the United States was created through the implementationof a wide variety of laws including the Sarbanes –Oxley and Gramm Leach Bliley Act(GLBA) enacted with an aim addressing an increase in corporate fraud in theearly 1990s and 2000s. IT governance planning is applicable for both privateand public organizations as they both need a mechanism to align their ITfunctions with business objectives. Despite this fact, it is critical to notethat IT governance is wide in its approach thus the implementation of a comprehensiveIT Governance strategy may be time and resource intensive thus the need to useonly essential methods for small and medium sized enterprises.
State of Minnesota Government IT governance plan According to the State of Minnesota, IT governance aims at informing,aligning decision making in regards to information technology planning,operations and policies that meet the organization’s objectives. Thus in 2012the State of Minnesota executive branch agreed on the development of an IT governanceplan with the aim of clarifying the relationship between the customers, centralizedIT organization and consumers serving as companions to comprehensive serviceagreements. Thus the organization developed an IT governance plan that meetsthe unique needs of the state of Minnesota’s government customers as well asprovide a framework to successfully manage the complex IT environment via asingular executive branch. Hence increasing the success of the government’sbusiness(State of Minnesota).Communication In the State of Minnesota governance plan, one criticalfactor that was noted is communication. Communication within an organization inthe planning and implementation of the IT governance plan is crucial as failureto communicate effectively may act as an abyss to progress.
Hence the need tocommunicate the governance procedures and outcomes to the Top management aswell as the IT community as they are the main stakeholders of the project.Regular publication of the project details are shared ensuring that eachstakeholder is aware of their role as well remain well informed(State ofMinnesota).Definition of roles The state of Minnesota governance plan has strategicallyidentified and defined the role of each stakeholder including the customer,State CIO, Technology and advisory committee. The definition of roles in governanceplan is critical at its divides the plan into sections and each section has aperson or a group that is responsible for its success and development. Secondly, the definition of roles makes its simplerto comprehend the governance plan as a whole as one can easily identify therole of each stakeholder in the overall outcome(State of Minnesota).Vision In the starting phases of planning, the State of Minnesota clearlyoutlines there vision. Theidentification of a vision is critical in guiding the organization in thedevelopment of an effective governance plan. The vision includes the path anddirection, in which the organization is moving, which if stipulated in thebeginning facilitates easier alignment of company goals with IT(State ofMinnesota).
Conclusion IT governance planning can be implemented in a wide varietyof ways and it depends on the company goals. Hence the need for eachorganization to select or develop their own unique strategy which addressesthese issues comprehensively. All in all IT governance planning is majorrequirement for any organization especially in the 21st centurywhere the role of technology can no longer be ignoredReferences State of Minnesota IT governance Framework(2012) retrievedat https://mn.gov/mnit/assets/06012012_IT_Governance_Framework_tcm38-61489.pdf