Marat’s killing Marat were to “free France from the

Marat’s assassin, Charlotte Corday, was born into a noble family in Normandy, France. Corday lived as a bystander during the revolution until she moved to Caen, France. While she lived here, it became a center for the federalists, which is the name given to the Girondins by the Montagnards (“C. She was influenced by these men and soon went to Paris to support the Girondins. Although she claims that she was not a part of their group, she did work for their cause. Charlotte showed her allegiance to the Girondins with an act of “kindness” to them and what she believed to be beneficial to the Revolution. Corday claims that her intentions from killing Marat were to “free France from the evils of Marat and restore liberty, equality, and fraternity” (Towle) to France. Although her intentions seem admirable, they were far from reality.After being rejected twice in one day, on her third try, Charlotte Corday was admitted into the home of Jean-Paul Marat on July 13, 1793. She entered under false pretenses of having a list of Girondin members for Marat to order to the guillotine. Once Marat begins reading the letter, Corday pulls out a stiletto and stabs Marat in the heart. This set off a chain of violent acts the French Revolution had yet to see, notoriously known as the Reign of Terror. France’s beloved friend of the people had now been assassinated, civilians’ hearts wept for their friend, then they became infuriated. Following his death Marat quickly became propaganda for the Revolution as he received a hero’s funeral from his friends and was paraded around the streets of Paris, being saluted and honored for his service to the people. He was quickly depicted in artwork such as “The Death of Marat,” by Jacques David and statues have been created for him. In a closer look of the “The Death of Marat,” Marat is portrayed as helpless as he is dying naked in his bath. His hands are still able to grasp the quill that he has used countless times to write and edit the articles of L’ami du Peuple, showing his commitment to fighting for the people’s cause. The Revolutions made Marat into a martyr, he’s illustrated to resemble Christ on the cross, “blood streaming from his chest,” (Glover). Although Marat received a tribune, Corday was only invited to the guillotine. After Marat’s death, the Reign of Terror was initiated. France and the world had never encountered such a vicious and prolonged act such as this one. The Terror lasted approximately from September of 1793 to July of 1794 (“The Reign of Terror”). The friends of Marat filled with rage from his death led the Terror, most prominently Robespierre as the principal enforcer. This part of the Revolution was far more violent than the previous four. Robespierre and Danton were now the strongest leaders left of the Montagnards. Designed to eliminate counter-revolutionaries, the Terror was institutionalized, ironically, by the Committee of Public Safety. In their mission, they made use of the guillotine frequently, over sixteen thousand heads were rolled across the country within six months. Marie Antoinette became the first victim of the Terror. The recent widow and former Queen of France was stripped of her dignity and respect as she, too, was paraded through the streets of Paris. Unlike her husband, who received royal treatment, but just as the commoners would be, and antagonized before facing her fate. Now one enemy was eliminated, the Terror would come to claim many more. The Terror claimed the lives of hundreds and thousands of French citizens. Many of the victims of the Terror were ordinary people rather than aristocrats. Robespierre’s mind was too infected that he continuously used the guillotine to fight for a cause that no longer needed to be fought. By September 1793 the Law of Suspects was established, which essentially meant anyone could face the guillotine now. Simple acts such as criticizing a revolutionist or the revolutionary government could send one to the guillotine. Having any relationship with a counter-revolutionist would earn someone an invitation to the guillotine. The Law of Suspects contradicted the Declaration of the Rights of Man, which the members of the Committee advocated for at one point.Robespierre claimed “softness to traitors will destroy us all”(history wiz) to justify his actions. Meanwhile, the men he affiliated with began to feel the Terror became corrupt and must cease. Robespierre’s co-leader Danton publicly called for an end to the Terror. He then became its next victim. Robespierre had become entirely mad, this was finally recognized in the Thermidorian Reaction. The term Thermidor derives from the new calendar that was institutionalized in France during the Revolution. On the eight of Thermidor, equivalent to July 26th, Robespierre gave “a speech full of appeals and threats” (“Thermidorian Reaction”). The National Convention took action once recognizing Robespierre’s corruption, then after arresting him. The Convention went on to sentencing him to face the weapon he so fondly used. Following his death, the guillotine ended the lives of hundreds of Robespierre’s associates, suppositionally creating a “brief White Terror against Jacobins throughout France”(“Thermidorian Reaction”). Ultimately, despite not having a direct part in the Terror, Jean-Paul Marat played a major role in its enactment. However, his effect on the Revolution would not begin until the incompetent King Louis XVI conjures up the Estates General, which ignited a series of unfortunate events for the monarchy. Meanwhile, Marat contributed profoundly to the Revolution. He made efforts to rid the Revolution of its enemies in order to ensure its success. Unfortunately, he would not live on to see its end, but his assassination proved to be significant to the violent course of the Revolution.