Name predict outcomes by formalizing the setups, positions,

 Name               MuhammadNajam ud din Class                MSPPDate                16.01.18   Reaction Essay on IAD FrameworkIntroductionTheInstitutional analysis and development (IAD)framework article refers to a sequence of concepts and variety of policy questions and reasons ofchange in the framework to assist in theanalysis of various action problems. Social-ecologicalsystem(SES) suggest improving the prediction of the outcome within an action situation majorlydepending upon the analytical structure.

This isthe theoretical foundation for research in policy analysis. The rationalchoice models, IAD is devised to elaborate and predict outcomes by formalizingthe setups, positions, and set of rules involved in collective choice problems.Determining the difference between framework, theories, models planted concept related to explaining human behaviour.How these types relate?  How they differ addressingkey questions, biophysical world affects action situation and it provides abrief introduction to SES. Therefore, it can be observed as a systematicway of gathering policy analysis functions which are similar to analysis basedtechniques commonly used in physical and social sciences and understand how institutionsfunction and modify themselves with the time.A theoretical framework comprise  three levels.

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Theframework, which is the general formof theoretical analysis by identifying the basic elements, relationship, metatheoreticallanguage. Theories, that are assumptions, multitheories compatible with one framework. Models, that  are the decisive assumptions, redictions.

Actionarena is the core of IAD as it is composed of an action situation and participant or actors. The modal clarify further each has its distinguished role.i.e seven variables that describe action situation. The actor which is a single or individual or a group as a corporateactor. By action the problems, andexchange services and goods. The actors are those who actively involved in thesituation. Action arena, which is based on action situation and actors,systematically follows the path of decision making and planning in anyinstitution.

The prediction of the outcomewithin an action situation majorly depending upon the analytical structure. Beingthe direct stakeholders in any institution, the actors play a vital role in analyzing the existing problemsin a given situation. The analysts predict and make strong or weak inferencesabout the result or outcome of any problem inherent in an institution byanalyzing the elements associated with action situation and actors involved init. Next step after this is of evaluation of expected outcomes. Evaluativecriteria are applied to both outcomes andprocesses of achieving outcomes in order to achieve concrete results of the analysis.

Action situations are partiallydependent on rules of any institution. Meaning thereby that analysts shouldconsider set rules of institutions as rules can affect the structure of anaction situation which results in the flawed analysis of a given problem in aninstitution. However, preferences and set idealof actors may affect the analysis of a problem. Human beings are multi-facetedand have personal interests or likings. Invoking their preferences in theanalysis may affect the true spirit of analysis of a given problem. Therefore,relying solely on actors input in an action situation may be risky in thisscenario.

Also, action situation may get affected by the preferences of actorsinvolved in situation arena. However,there is some rule of configuration thatcan affect the action plan. For instance seven types of working rules, likeboundary rules, position rule, scope rule, choice, aggregation, information,payoff rules. Which consequently affect the sevenelements of action situation. The main issue for the field researcher isthat many rules are not written down and it only depends on survey worker askingrandom sample of respondent about thererules. I agree with the writer Elinor Ostrom(2009) her analysis of the problembut it is compulsory to of increase the scale and complexity of a SES to adequatelyrespond to problems of sustainability. But the issue is too much complexity andprocedurle framework some way or the other reduce its effectivity and to implementsustainable adaptation(ibid). Ostrom’s (2009) frame work could be used but onlyif the researcher properly managed the system complexity.

This model can alsobe used to establish wining and loosing  ofany group in decision making process but we have define rules used by eachgroup. Therefore , we have to integrate ecology dynamics into the IADframework.The concept of Institutional Analysis and Development framework waspresented by Elinor Ostrom, a noble laureate. IAD framework provides a comprehensive method of analyzing policyrelated problems in institutions. However, rational analysis of IAD frameworkindicates that certain flaws exist in this concept.  which are based on the preferences of actorsand which ultimately affect the structure of action situation.

Still, the significance of IAD framework cannotbe negated as it is still valid and contributing comprehensively to analyzing problem situation in variousinstitutions by policy analyst.