Name the decisive assumptions, redictions. Action arena is the


Name               Muhammad
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Class                MSPP

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Date                16.01.18



 Reaction Essay on IAD Framework


Institutional analysis and development (IAD)framework article refers to a sequence of concepts and variety of policy questions and reasons of
change in the framework to assist in the
analysis of various action problems. Social-ecological
system(SES) suggest improving the prediction of the outcome within an action situation majorly
depending upon the analytical structure. This is
the theoretical foundation for research in policy analysis. The rational
choice models, IAD is devised to elaborate and predict outcomes by formalizing
the setups, positions, and set of rules involved in collective choice problems.
Determining the difference between framework, theories, models planted concept related to explaining human behaviour.
How these types relate?  How they differ addressing
key questions, biophysical world affects action situation and it provides a
brief introduction to SES. Therefore, it can be observed as a systematic
way of gathering policy analysis functions which are similar to analysis based
techniques commonly used in physical and social sciences and understand how institutions
function and modify themselves with the time.

A theoretical framework comprise  three levels. The
framework, which is the general form
of theoretical analysis by identifying the basic elements, relationship, metatheoretical
language. Theories, that are assumptions, multi
theories compatible with one framework. Models, that  are the decisive assumptions, redictions. Action
arena is the core of IAD as it is composed of an action situation and participant or actors. The modal clarify further each has its distinguished role.
i.e seven variables that describe action situation. The actor which is a single or individual or a group as a corporate
actor. By action the problems, and
exchange services and goods. The actors are those who actively involved in the
situation. Action arena, which is based on action situation and actors,
systematically follows the path of decision making and planning in any
institution. The prediction of the outcome
within an action situation majorly depending upon the analytical structure. Being
the direct stakeholders in any institution, the actors play a vital role in analyzing the existing problems
in a given situation. The analysts predict and make strong or weak inferences
about the result or outcome of any problem inherent in an institution by
analyzing the elements associated with action situation and actors involved in
it. Next step after this is of evaluation of expected outcomes. Evaluative
criteria are applied to both outcomes and
processes of achieving outcomes in order to achieve concrete results of the analysis. Action situations are partially
dependent on rules of any institution. Meaning thereby that analysts should
consider set rules of institutions as rules can affect the structure of an
action situation which results in the flawed analysis of a given problem in an
institution. However, preferences and set ideal
of actors may affect the analysis of a problem. Human beings are multi-faceted
and have personal interests or likings. Invoking their preferences in the
analysis may affect the true spirit of analysis of a given problem. Therefore,
relying solely on actors input in an action situation may be risky in this
scenario. Also, action situation may get affected by the preferences of actors
involved in situation arena. However,
there is some rule of configuration that
can affect the action plan. For instance seven types of working rules, like
boundary rules, position rule, scope rule, choice, aggregation, information,
payoff rules. Which consequently affect the seven
elements of action situation. The main issue for the field researcher is
that many rules are not written down and it only depends on survey worker asking
random sample of respondent about there

I agree with the writer Elinor Ostrom(2009) her analysis of the problem
but it is compulsory to of increase the scale and complexity of a SES to adequately
respond to problems of sustainability. But the issue is too much complexity and
procedurle framework some way or the other reduce its effectivity and to implement
sustainable adaptation(ibid). Ostrom’s (2009) frame work could be used but only
if the researcher properly managed the system complexity. This model can also
be used to establish wining and loosing  of
any group in decision making process but we have define rules used by each
group. Therefore , we have to integrate ecology dynamics into the IAD
framework.The concept of Institutional Analysis and Development framework was
presented by Elinor Ostrom, a noble laureate. IAD framework provides a comprehensive method of analyzing policy
related problems in institutions. However, rational analysis of IAD framework
indicates that certain flaws exist in this concept.  which are based on the preferences of actors
and which ultimately affect the structure of action situation. Still, the significance of IAD framework cannot
be negated as it is still valid and contributing comprehensively to analyzing problem situation in various
institutions by policy analyst.