p.p1 to ‘super anus’ (sovereign, n.d.). The

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0px Baskerville; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px}p.p3 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 4.0px 0.

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0px 0.0px; text-align: justify; font: 12.0px Baskerville; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px}span.s1 {font-kerning: none}Introduction: “Sovereignty is not given, it is taken.

” – Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Sovereignty: A political term used to describe the ‘absolute power’ of a system, over people. The political term originated around the 12th Century (Camilleri & Falk, 1992). Ancient Greeks were unaware of this term and Ancient Romans only spoke about different levels of authority (Vincent, 1994). A term describing a higher power or supreme authority was never clearly defined. Throughout history, this political term has had an influence on the interactions between various sovereign states.

Aside from the impact it had on relationships between said states, it also guided the transformation of various political ideologies.  Sovereignty and the concepts that govern the term are malleable, and have changed throughout history.Background: The word was first recorded in the early 12th Century (sovereign, n.d.

). The term ‘sovereignty’ originated from the Old French word ‘soverain’, which in Latin could be translated to ‘super anus’ (sovereign, n.d.). The origin of the word provides interesting information into the use it had in the 12th Century. Jean Bodin is considered to be an influential contributor to this political term. Bodin wrote about the various possible ways to end war (Lindfors, n.d.

). He explained that wars occurred as various cities, unions and principalities had too much authority, and stressed that the need for a legitimate or higher authority, that would prevent wars (Lindfors, n.d.). He insisted that a strong government should be legitimate, and to be legitimate it must follow certain rules.

In his own words, a government should follow rules of “Justice and Reason” (Bodin & Tooley, 2009). He concluded his work by clarifying that: a sovereign being is one who has the ability to make and break laws according to its will. Uplian, an Ancient Roman jurist, stated that the people’s power is given to the person in charge above them (Lee, 2016). At the time, this was the Roman Emperor. He explained that the power given to the Emperor gave him the ability to have an absolute power over those below him. As the emperor was not bound by law, and as his word was law, he oversaw the creation and destruction of laws, for his own personal gain (Lee, 2016).

Considering what both Uplian, and Bodin stated about an absolute power, it is possible to conclude that the concept of the term, or at least the first recorded concept of it, originated in the early Roman area around 210 a.d..