Political Science: Immigration as a Dominant Issue during the Brexit Referendum Campaign
Political Science: Immigration as a Dominant Issue during the Brexit Referendum Campaign
The aspect of immigration was a dominant factor reflected in Brexit during the referendum campaign. The element of immigration at this point stirred mix calculations, anxiety and emotions among the people. Based on this, people opted to abandon the European Union (EU) since they feared immigration. This was as a result of widespread of anti-immigration sentiment rather than political dissatisfaction. Therefore, the issue of immigration in Brexit was stimulated by the widespread concern of the huge number of individuals going to the United Kingdom (UK). Majority of immigrants had come to the UK under freedom of movement rule formulated in the EU.
Based on the historic referendum conducted in 2016, British voters opted to leave the EU. The main reason was in regard to the question of immigration and sovereignty in the mind and heart of those individuals who decided to leave the EU. Following this, Brexiteers emphasized acting independently in making their own decisions based on conducting referendum and voting process. Therefore, the issue of immigration is multidimensional as it exists as a powerful base mainly due to rising cases of insecurity. Due to the European crisis, immigration fuel different cross-cutting concerns.
The first aspect of Brexit referendum campaign frame in relation to the issue of immigration relate to whether immigrants boost the national economy than what they used. In this case, the problem arises as immigrants compete with natives for welfare and jobs provisions. The second concern stimulating the need for a referendum is associated with maintenance of security within the region. The natives are concerned about whether the country’s border has adequate security to enhance free movement of EU nationals into the UK without any cases of increased crime.
The effort to engage in the referendum was directed on the effort of British people to get the overall control of their country through controlling the immigration. For instance, the official Vote Leave campaign focused on immigration frame as part of their strategies. Primarily, the campaign focused on the issue of immigration into its relationship to other factors such as stabilizing the economy and maintain security. This stirred them to focus on the referendum campaign in an effort to deal with the main issue related to the question of immigration that could portray sovereignty. Therefore, Brexit referendum was closely associated by the need to attain economic solutions from the ability to take control of immigration policy.
The Brexit referendum campaign was motivated strongly from the rising public anxieties over immigration. The worries and risks that could follow in the region were highly associated with immigration, hence the need for the referendum campaign to act as a framework to positively change their lives. The Brexit’s could assist in getting a long-term view pertaining to the issue of immigration in the region. Notably, majorities of voters emphasized that they needed a reduction in immigration rate as it was problematic to aspects such as economic and social basis. Clearly, this project that the majority of people were already hostile by the issue of immigration even before focusing on the referendum. In this case, people who considered Brexit referendum campaign maintained that for many a long period, the governing bodies such as the Conservative and Labor had failed to competently manage the immigration process.
The issue of immigration continued to be manifested as dominant especially with English Channel Angela Merkel acceptance of a huge number of refugees into the European Union. As a result, the Eurosceptic voters developed a sense that the EU and politicians were indifferent and failed to manage the region. With the approach of the referendum, the majority of individuals foresaw that Brexit would be projected to economic risk mainly for the overall country and the citizens. In this case, the native emphasized that avoiding the immigrants in the EU Britain would provide a better chance to control the country’s border, safeguard it from loss of sovereignty and countering terrorism. Hence, during Brexit referendum campaign voters were much concerned of the wellbeing of the national community and protection of the economic resources such as jobs from the immigrants.
The issue of immigration was perceived to be deeply entwining with the EU. Following this, there was the formation of UK Independence Party (UKIP) that worked well in mobilizing and stimulating concern among economically depressed voters who associated their bad situation with the rising issue of immigration. The huge concern was evidence particularly in areas with UKIP strong support for the referendum to vote for Brexit in 2016. Basically, the burning issue of immigration resulted to an increased number of individuals in support for Brexit referendum campaign. Notably, it was easier to identify that those who were deeply anxious over the issue of immigration and its resultant to economic oppression were in a greater position to vote in the referendum.
The Brexit referendum campaign was much concern by the issue of immigration which the political debate has failed to take into consideration. People noted that U.K. has proceeded to focus on maintaining future relationship and trade with one another region at the expense of other immigration reform. This rose anxiety among the people are Brexit would be projected to the start of political trouble. Therefore, one of the main object supporting the campaign for the referendum was to reduce and control the rising rate of immigration. Following this, there was a concern regarding immigration and its effect on the country. This acted as the main stimulator behind the need for Brexit referendum campaign. Majority of people in support for the referendum were highly likely to turn in large number to vote. In relation to this, the main reason for people to participate in voting to separate Britain from EU was overwhelmingly due to the issue of immigration.
The Brexit’s “Leave” referendum campaign against the issue of immigration was on the rise since it was regarded as one of the aspects of minimizing it. Specifically, one of the main reason for forming the UKIP was to mobilize Brexit supporters towards being a conservative anti-immigration. The support of the referendum was to facilitate the existence of a moderate ruling Conservative Party. The country was perceived to be unable to control immigration policies as a result of its membership with EU. In this case, the majority of people believed that Brexit would assist in improving the overall immigration system.
The concerned issue of immigration was fueled by the aspect of the free movement. Most importantly, the element of free movement was regarded as one of the key principles of EU. By free movement, citizens could live and work in all member states without any need for a work permit. As a result, there has existed a higher number of immigrating than anticipated in Britain. Therefore, the support for referendum campaign is high due to worries of immigration hostility.
In conclusion, the issue of immigration triggered the existence of mixed anxiety, calculations, and emotions among the individuals. The increasing rate of immigration was stirred by the existence and application of the principle of freedom of movement as maintained by the EU. The support for Brexit referendum campaign was for the need of people to protect the country’s border against terrorism, economic instability, and social change. Majority of people who supported referendum were projected to be in a higher position to come out in large number to vote.
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