Rene Descarte was a French philosopher, scientist and mathematician during the 17th century. He was born on March 31st, 1596 in La Haye en Touraine, France. Descartes was the youngest of three children and his mother, Jeanne Brochard, passed away during his first year of life. His father, Joachim, sent Descartes and his siblings to live with their maternal grandmother. However, when he turned 8 years old, Joachim also sent Descarte to a boarding school at the Jesuit college Henri IV in La Flèche, for 7 years in order to receive an extensive education. Later on in his life, Descartes was one of the first philosophers that abandoned Aristotelianism as he created the first modern version of “Mind-Body Dualism”.
Due to this, he is called the Father of Modern Philosophy. Descarte is most known for his philosophical statement, “I think, therefore I am”. Lastly, Descartes thinks rationally when it regards metaphysics but he becomes a mechanistic and empiricist when it concerns his physics and physiology.