Review Related Literature Readings and other pertinent information are presented in this section. This is to establish a clear frameworTeenage pregnancyTeenage pregnancy is pregnancy in human females under the age of 20 at the time that the pregnancy ends. A pregnancy can take place after the start of the puberty before first menstrual period, but usually occurs after the onset of periods. In well-nourished girls, menarche usually takes place around the age of 12 or 13. Pregnant teenagers face many of the same obstetrics issues as other women.
There are, however, additional medical concerns for mothers aged under 15. For mothers aged 15–19, risks are associated more with socioeconomic factors than with the biological effects of age. Risks of low birth weight, premature labor, anemia, and pre-eclampsia are connected to the biological age itself, as it was observed in teen births even after controlling for other risk factors. Every day in developing countries, 20,000 girls under age 18 give birth. This amounts to 7.
3 million births a year. And if all pregnancies are included, the number of adolescent pregnancies is much higher.