Safety issues in the hematology laboratory can be discussed in four types of hazard which are fire hazards, chemical hazards, electrical hazards and needle puncture. There are numerous flammable and combustible chemicals used in the laboratory such as alcohol and benzene. Laboratory workers are exposed to this flammable chemicals in laboratory almost every day and risk of fire occurrence are high.
Unplanned and ‘accidental fire’ could happen when the workers lost control of the chemicals and equipment used in the laboratory. Fires due to poorly installed or maintained systems and fires due to sparks serving as an ignition source for flammable or combustible materialsNext, chemicals used in the hematology laboratory are considered hazardous and are governed by the Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories Standard. Those chemicals can cause adverse health effect to all the workers if not handling properly. Adverse effect are dependent on the factors of the exposure. It depends on the type of chemical, the amount or dose of chemical exposed, the duration, routes of exposure and frequency. Even though the body naturally attempts to eliminate substances out of the body, the body might not be able to remove all the chemicals.
The laboratory workers have higher risk of getting adverse health effect as they are exposing to all toxic chemicals almost every day. Other safety issues in laboratory is electrical hazard. Laboratory workers may be exposed to electrical hazards including electric shock, arc blasts, electrocutions and explosions. The typical laboratory contains a wide variety of electrically-powered equipment including stirrers, shakers, pumps, hot plates, heaters, power supplies, ovens, and electrophoresis equipment. Potential exposures to electrical hazards can result from faulty electrical equipment or instrumentation or wiring, damaged receptacles and connectors, or unsafe work practices.
These and all electrical devices used in the lab setting present a potential danger of injury due to electric shock.