The and policies to the rules of democracy, Suárez

The death of the dictator in
1975 left the country in a context of economic crisis and political unrest. It was a time
of change for a country coming out of a military dictatorship, that was
experiencing its transition to democracy. Thus, Mario Camus started writing
a script for Los días del pasado
along with Antonio Betancor in 1976. That year belongs to a period of labour
and social unrest repressed by Carlos Arias Navarro’s Government.  During those days, clandestine parties such as
PSOE and PCE, leaders of the opposition, assemble in order to create a ‘Platajunta’
and fight against social and labour injustice.  People in the street claim for freedom, and amnesty,
holding meetings and demonstration marches. Juan Carlos I, the king, criticises
Arias Navarro publicly and makes him resign as the Prime Minister of Spain in
July, 1976, becoming the last Francoist president of the country. Following his
term in office, Spain experienced a rupture with the previous regime by choosing
Adolfo Suárez, a liberal politician, as Arias Navarro predecessor.  Suárez became Prime Minister of Spain in July
3rd, 1976, and also the first President to be democratically elected
since the Second Spanish Republic. Due to his Political Reform project, which
led a change from Francoist laws and policies to the rules of democracy, Suárez
became essential in the transition of the country. Due to that, universal
suffrage was possible in order to elect a dual chamber for the Government.

Soon, the legalization of political parties followed.

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parties such as Democratic Junta –driven by PCE- and Democratic Convergence
Platform –lead by PSOE- left their clandestine nature behind. As a matter of
fact, he pursuit of democracy led to an unstoppable advance of the opposition,
integrated by people who fought for freedom of expression, criticism, and openness;
and who were willing to regain the long-forgotten memories of the country. It was time to
recover the identity and, therefore, the memories of those who were written off
the history of the country. It was time to talk about the losing side, those
who were treated as whether they were thieves, criminals, and accordingly
undesirable people. Fortunately, along with Suárez reform came the new
cinema law, which slowly led the way to those topics that were both forbidden and
nullified by Francoist government during the dictatorship -besides, the law abolished
a prior script censorship- what allowed Camus to continue with his
antifrancoist film. Thus, Los días del
pasado opened for the first time in 1977, becoming one of the first films
to openly talk about ‘maquis’ and ‘la guerrilla’ life in the North of Spain in
the first years of the dictatorship.