The the absence of sovereign royalty that was

The Middle Ages should be labeled The Dark Ages. The Dark Ages were a very difficult time because of the suffering the people underwent. During this time there was political fragmentation, constant invasions, the collapse of long distance trade, economics, infrastructure, and education. There was a constant fear of barbarian invasions.

Even with all of the unfortunate attributes of the Dark Ages, it still remarkably demonstrated exuberance and vitality. Even at its worst it executed the function of guarding and defense. Regularly by accident and chance, the knowledge and treasures of what had come from previous years. Even more it was creative and inventive and contributed to years to come (document 6). Though there was good, there was also persistent barbarian invasions.

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Historian Frantz Funck-Brentano describes invasions,”The barbarians have broken through the ramparts. The Saracen Moors invasions have spread in successive waves over the South. The Hungarians swarm over the Eastern provinces …

they sacked town and village, and laid waste the fields. They burned down the churches and then departed with a crowd of captives…”(document 1). These invasions left people in unbearable conditions, with momentous damage. ENDING SENTENCE ******* The Middle Ages should also be labeled the Age of Feudalism because of the absence of sovereign royalty that was substituted by an organization known as the feudal system. The feudal system allowed a vassal, a peasant, who worked for greater lords. In return, they received land, protection, and aid. During the Middle Ages, vassals and lords had a great relationship.

According to document 4, the vassals’ obligations were,”Loyalty, Military service, and Ransom, if needed”. Also according to document 4 the lords’ obligations were,”protection and land”. This was a great relationship dynamic because there were equal commitments between each other. In document 2, it displays John of Toul promises his service and time to the count and countess of Champagne. Without the loyalty, devotion, and service from the vassals to the lords, the feudal system would not be so adequate. Lastly, the Middle Ages should also be labeled the Age of Faith because of the organization and the demonstration of power the Catholic Church displayed.

The power of the church can exclusively be shown through its cathedrals as exhibited in document ten. Even though the country was politically falling apart, the religious part was strong and powerful.