The people who have common infections that once were

The first thing that I reacted mostly is the evolvement of
the bacteria that manage to develop its new resistance towards the different
family of antibiotics. The reason behind this is that the doctors nowadays
simply prescribe antibiotics to the patients who have common flu, cold, runny
nose, etc. Every action performed by the doctors has significantly affected the
people around the world. Bacteria are the microorganisms which stay closest to
human. For example, S. aureus, S. epidermidis, Lactobacillus sp., etc. There
are bacteria which are the normal flora of our body and become infectious when
there have opportunities. This kind of bacteria we call them opportunistic
bacteria. When they are resistant to certain antibiotics, the diseases caused
will be harder to treat.

              In the
era of globalization, antibiotic resistance has become one of the world’s most
pressing public issues. It occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability to
effectively control or kill bacterial growth. The overuse of antibiotics has become
a norm in the modern society in which most of the population have the wrong
perception about antibiotics. They believe that antibiotics can cure every
single common illness that is infected from the surrounding environment.
Indirectly, drug resistant bacteria have increased throughout the era. The
building up of antimicrobial resistance has threatened the usefulness of the
important drugs to treat common bacteria caused disease. Consequently, there
will be suffering for the people who have common infections that once were
easily treatable with antibiotics.

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happens when certain antibiotics do not work anymore? First of all, the disease
or infection will last longer due to the ineffectiveness of the antibiotics
taken. Secondly, it causes more severe illness where more expensive and toxic
medications are needed to treat one single infection which is used to be easily
treated. The worst thing that might happen if the illness could not be cured is
the patient will die eventually.

reason behind the ineffectiveness of certain antibiotics due to resistance in
bacteria is that when the antibiotic is used to treat non-bacterial infection,
the non-targeted bacteria will learn how to resist the intra- and intercellular
reactions carried out by the specific antibiotics. Bacteria are smart organism
in which they can pass the antibiotic resistant from bacterium to bacterium.
The process that causes it is the conjugation (mating process) which involve
the transfer of resistant genetic material. Besides that, virus can pass
resistance traits to bacteria too through transduction. Therefore, bacteria can
collect multiple resistant genes over time that makes them powerful in which
they are resistant to many families of antibiotic.

antibiotic resistance issue has slowly become a public health problem
throughout the globe. In the past experience of going to a clinic, a patient
with viral infection but is then prescribed with antibiotics due to
complications as mentioned by the doctor. From this, we can see that some of
the doctors who are practicing medicine outside are making the global health
problem worse.

seen that the antimicrobial resistant problem is alarming, all applicable
actions must be taken immediately to curb the current situation from getting worse
and worse. Late is better than never, every party who is responsible in
diagnosing and prescribing medicines to patients must take extra cautions in
differentiating bacterial, viral and other infections in order to stop the
problem from worsening wildly.