The first thing that I reacted mostly is the evolvement ofthe bacteria that manage to develop its new resistance towards the differentfamily of antibiotics. The reason behind this is that the doctors nowadayssimply prescribe antibiotics to the patients who have common flu, cold, runnynose, etc.
Every action performed by the doctors has significantly affected thepeople around the world. Bacteria are the microorganisms which stay closest tohuman. For example, S. aureus, S. epidermidis, Lactobacillus sp., etc. Thereare bacteria which are the normal flora of our body and become infectious whenthere have opportunities. This kind of bacteria we call them opportunisticbacteria.
When they are resistant to certain antibiotics, the diseases causedwill be harder to treat. In theera of globalization, antibiotic resistance has become one of the world’s mostpressing public issues. It occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability toeffectively control or kill bacterial growth. The overuse of antibiotics has becomea norm in the modern society in which most of the population have the wrongperception about antibiotics. They believe that antibiotics can cure everysingle common illness that is infected from the surrounding environment.Indirectly, drug resistant bacteria have increased throughout the era. Thebuilding up of antimicrobial resistance has threatened the usefulness of theimportant drugs to treat common bacteria caused disease.
Consequently, therewill be suffering for the people who have common infections that once wereeasily treatable with antibiotics. Whathappens when certain antibiotics do not work anymore? First of all, the diseaseor infection will last longer due to the ineffectiveness of the antibioticstaken. Secondly, it causes more severe illness where more expensive and toxicmedications are needed to treat one single infection which is used to be easilytreated. The worst thing that might happen if the illness could not be cured isthe patient will die eventually. Thereason behind the ineffectiveness of certain antibiotics due to resistance inbacteria is that when the antibiotic is used to treat non-bacterial infection,the non-targeted bacteria will learn how to resist the intra- and intercellularreactions carried out by the specific antibiotics. Bacteria are smart organismin which they can pass the antibiotic resistant from bacterium to bacterium.
The process that causes it is the conjugation (mating process) which involvethe transfer of resistant genetic material. Besides that, virus can passresistance traits to bacteria too through transduction. Therefore, bacteria cancollect multiple resistant genes over time that makes them powerful in whichthey are resistant to many families of antibiotic.
Theantibiotic resistance issue has slowly become a public health problemthroughout the globe. In the past experience of going to a clinic, a patientwith viral infection but is then prescribed with antibiotics due tocomplications as mentioned by the doctor. From this, we can see that some ofthe doctors who are practicing medicine outside are making the global healthproblem worse. Asseen that the antimicrobial resistant problem is alarming, all applicableactions must be taken immediately to curb the current situation from getting worseand worse. Late is better than never, every party who is responsible indiagnosing and prescribing medicines to patients must take extra cautions indifferentiating bacterial, viral and other infections in order to stop theproblem from worsening wildly.