The stereotyped image of the large and traditional Italian family, with more than five children, is just an old memory. In fact, in the last forty years the structure of the Italian family has dramatically changed from the traditional model we were used to see in the old movies. In the past, Italian families, especially those of the south, were made up of a lot of children and they were patriarchal units where woman usually didn’t work. After World War II, the evolution of the country from an agriculture system into an industrial system brought many changes to the culture, mentality, and habits of the Italian society and families have changed as a result. However, there still a small space for the traditional form of family in the modern system.