This changing methods in the wake of stream erosion,

article aims to describe specific geomorphic and environmental problems that
distressed the inhabitants of Giza and empirical reasoning for the relocation
of administration of the fifth Dynasty. The purpose of this geo-archaeological investigation was to
examine Giza’s unique environmental history along with following human and
architectural consequences. The
Giza Plateau Mapping Project facilitated a synoptic overview and mapping
of the levels and structures for a 6 ha area that became accessible for the
authors. With a program of drill
coring guided by a GPS unit, the authors extracted samples and analyzed them in
laboratories to draw conclusions about the site. Laboratory analysis of
soils and sediments along with GPMP dating concluded the site was poorly chosen being vulnerable to a
high-amplitude precipitation anomaly of 120 years, during which mudbrick
meltdown, catastrophic flash floods, and mass-movements destroyed the royal
complex of mudbrick galleries, workshops and bread-making kilns. The
laboratory phase of our project included visual study of the drill-core
samples, dry-sieving of 164 sets of eight sieves each, and 186 Magnetic
Susceptibility samples. Laboratory analysis of soils and sediments along with
carbon dating by the team concluded “Galleries” had been built over Wadi
deposits, but were repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt with changing methods in
the wake of stream erosion, mudbrick meltdown, and mass movements during the
life of Giza under the reign of Menkaure. Geoarchaeology can also provide
critical context, practical clues, and greater meaning for archaeological
surveys and excavations. This analytical review illustrates the underlying
rationale of a subfield archaeology that has great potential for
interdisciplinary understanding as the stratigraphic profile created by the
authors consequently allow archaeologists to better locate ancient cities and artifacts and estimate by the
quality of soil how “prehistoric” they are.