Throughout Contemporary British Society and Victorian People and Ideas

Throughout Contemporary British Society and Victorian People and Ideas, it is stated
that British society is very class conflict. The Victorian novel, with its emphasis on the
realistic portrayal of social life, represented many Victorian issues in the stories of its
characters. Moreover many authors speak about social problems of the Victorian time
in their works as Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855)who was the third daughter of the
Bronte sisters, her finest work Jane Eyre (1847); it examines many sides of the
circumstances of woman and their struggle within the Victorian society, Jane
Austen(1775-1817) in Pride and Prejudice(1799), Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) was
considered to be one of the novelists who wrote about the problems of the Victorians in
the late nineteenth century, he showed the conflict between the traditional and modern
values, and Charles Dickens who treats the social class in his novels especially in
Great Expectations, and also in David Copperfield which is the subject of this paper.
In fact, Dickens himself was something of a social climber. He was personally
ashamed of certain aspects of his past, such as his time as a child worker in a blacking
factory, and had always dreamed of bettering himself. In 1856 he had bought a country
house in Kent (Gad’s Hill) which he had seen many times in his childhood when taken
on walks by his father, and he had often fantasized about living in it one day. Therefore
his novel David Copperfield his most popular novel about growing up shows the social
background of English society at that time and class issues throughout the novel. Also
he is one of the most important social commentators who used fiction effectively to
criticize economic, social, and moral abuses in the Victorian era. Dickens showed
compassion and empathy towards the vulnerable and disadvantaged segments of
English society, and contributed to several important social reforms.
David Copperfield, is one of Charles Dickens’s many famous literary works. It
considers an autobiography by the many comparisons found to his true life, and follows
the life of a young middle class boy named David. This novel, like many of Dickens’s
works, focuses on the one primary character; a Victorian novel written during Britain’s
Industrial Revolution. For this reason, the study aims at investigating and analyzing
Dickens’ representation of social class in his novel David Copperfield, because Dickens
lived during a time of great social changes in Europe having publishing novels, the
subject of his writing varied of many topics, one of them focuses on the social
background of English society at that time. Some critics argue that he saw the novel as
an important tool of social reform.
So, the choice of Charles Dickens is mainly based on our interest in his novel David
Copperfield which reflected a picture of people who differ in the social classes in
English society in the early of nineteenth century when the Industrial Revolution make
change in it. Also, show the behaviors that each classes are dealing with.
David Copperfield’s novel covers a slew of contemporary social issues ranging from
the suppression of women and the abuse of children, to the undisciplined heart and good
vs. evil. Moreover, there are many motives behind the choice of Victorian Literature,
first because much of the writings of the Victorian period were concerned with social
problems of that time such as the effect of the Industrial Revolution, also, because of an
intensive production of literary works that this period witnessed, especially Novels that
deal with social realities during the Industrial Revolution.