Type 1 diabetes can be marked by high blood glucose (sugar) levels, referred to as Hyperglycemia.
It is an autoimmune disease that is caused by an immune system attack on the pancreatic beta cells which produce insulin – a hormone that helps specific cells in the body to absorb glucose. Without enough insulin in the body a person’s blood glucose levels can experience a high increase, which further leads to a variety of health problems.
There are four main symptoms of Type 1 diabetes which includes:
1) EXCESSIVE THIRST (POLYDIPSIA)
Polydipsia is term used to describe excessive thirst and it is one of the initial systems of Type 1 diabetes. It is usually accompanied by temporary or prolonged dryness of the mouth.
People with Type 1 diabetes may experience increased thirst which may be an indication that there is an increase in their blood glucose levels.
2) UNUSUALLY HIGH LEVELS OF URINATION (POLYURIA)
Polyuria is a state in which a person’s body urinates more than usual and passes abnormally large amounts of urine.
In the condition of having Polyuria a person may pass more than 3 litres of urine a day compared to the normal amount of 1 – 2 litres each day.
Due to Type 1 diabetes there is a rise in a person’s blood glucose levels, therefore the body will try to remove glucose through the kidneys. The kidneys try to filter out more water which results in urinating more than usual.